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GSR 2015

95 04 RENEWABLES 2015 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT exporters priority dispatch for up to 10% of the grid’s annual heat requirement. The grid operator pays decentralised generators a fixed fee for every kWh of renewable heat that they export. Over time, it is expected that the limit will be increased so that distributed heating generators can provide up to 25% of the heat required to serve the Wilhelmsburg central grid. PLANNING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR DISTRICT COOLING Some governments are using their authority to help plan for, regulate, finance, or develop district cooling. For example, the city of Dubai (UAE) has a goal to use district cooling to meet 40% of its cooling capacity through district cooling by 2030. For Dubai, a major driver has been the need to reduce air conditioning load, which represents approximately 70% of total electricity consumption. Dubai has leveraged city assets and regulatory authority to support district cooling installations, including providing anchor loads to alleviate load risk and facilitate investment. In particular, all public sector buildings and new developments are required to connect to the district cooling system. In Europe, the European Commission is co-funding the Renewable Smart Cooling Urban Europe (RESCUE) project. RESCUE provides technical support to help local policymakers address challenges to the development and implementation of low-carbon district cooling systems. This includes provision of support packages, which provide energy planners and technical staff with development guidelines from project conceptualisation and feasibility to implementation. It is anticipated that a number of cities will initiate feasibility studies with RESCUE support to assess district cooling potential as a means to achieve carbon reductions in response to the EU Covenant of Mayors’ Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAP). Source: See Endnote 73 for this section. investment costs through grants, soft loans, or tax incentives. In 2014, four countries—Algeria, Chile, Romania, and Slovenia— re-introduced incentive schemes that had expired in previous years. Algeria launched its second national programme to promote solar water heaters, providing grants to support up to 35% of system costs.80 Chile re-enacted a tax credit for residen- tial solar thermal systems and extended it to include social housing developments.81 Romania restarted its Casa Verde programme to provide grant support for the deployment of solar thermal and biomass systems.82 Slovenia extended its Environmental Public Fund to continue to provide grants and low-interest loans to solar thermal systems and wood boilers.83 Existing financial incentives were revised in 2014. The Czech Republic, India, and Kenya strengthened incentives. The Czech Republic opened the second financing round of its Green Savings programme amid private sector concerns about its low level of financial support and relatively high administrative burden.84 India revised its existing customs duty exemptions on solar power components to provide excise and import tax exemptions for components used in the manufacturing of solar thermal systems; previously, customs duties on solar thermal equipment stood at 14–21%.85 Kenya revised its existing tax code to eliminate the VAT on solar water heaters.86 In contrast, South Africa and Italy reduced their incentives. South Africa removed all support for imported solar water heaters and limited rebates to high-pressure systems with 70% domestically manufactured content.87 Italy instituted a subsidy cap on its Conto Termico incentive scheme, limiting the programme’s subsidy to 65% of the investment cost.88 At the sub-national level in the United States, Massachusetts increasedrebatesforsolarwaterheaters,doublingthemaximum rebate offered for commercial systems and increasing incentives for residential systems and public or non-profit investors.89 In addition, Minnesota inaugurated a 10-year rebate programme for residential and commercial solar water heaters in 2014, and New York established a USD 27 million rebate fund for residential and commercial consumers that install high-efficiency, low- emission wood heating systems during 2015.90 Policymakers also have begun to integrate renewable heat more broadly into energy permitting and planning processes. For example, Scotland launched several provisions in 2014 to scale up the domestic renewable heat market. To simplify the deployment of renewable heat technologies, Scotland established new provisions that govern the planning and permitting of district heating systems and provided training for local authorities on a renewable heat data set for its Renewable Heat Map, which outlines heat demand and supply and showcases opportunities for connection.91 Solar-cooled bus stop in Dubai

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