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GSR 2015

240 ENDNOTES REFERENCE TABLES list_he__stations.pdf; capacity additions in 2014 (>25 MW) of 992.02 MW from Central Electricity Authority, “Executive Summary of the Power Sector (monthly),” http://www.cea.nic.in/ exesum_cood.html; installed capacity in 2014 (<25 MW) from MNRE, “Physical Progress (Achievements),” http://www.mnre. gov.in/mission-and-vision-2/achievements/, viewed 18 January 2014 and 21 January 2015. China: Wind power from Shi Pengfei, Chinese Wind Energy Association (CWEA), personal communication with REN21, 1 April 2015, from GWEC, op. cit. this note, and from Feng Zhao et al., Global Wind Market Update— Demand & Supply 2014 (London: FTI Consulting LLP, March 2015); solar PV from China’s National Energy Board, cited in National Energy Administration (NEA), “2014 PV Statistics,” 9 March 2015, http://www.nea.gov.cn/2015-03/09/c_134049519. htm (using Google Translate); bio-power from Amanda Zhang, Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association, personal communication with REN21, April 2015; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. this note; CSP from NREL, op. cit. this note, and from “CSP Today Global Tracker,” CSP Today, http://social.csptoday.com/ tracker/projects, viewed 27 April 2014; hydropower from China Electricity Council, an overview of China’s power industry in 2014, 10 March 2015, http://www.cec.org.cn/yaowenkuaidi/2015-03- 10/134972.html. South Africa: Wind power from GWEC, op. cit. this note; solar PV from IEA-PVPS, op. cit. this note; bio-power from IEA, op. cit. this note, workbook with summary tables, table 5, “Bioenergy Capacity”; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. this note; only small pilots for CSP by the end of 2014; hydropower from Hydro4Africa, “African Hydropower Database—South Africa,” http://hydro4africa.net/HP_database/country.php?country= South%20Africa, viewed 6 May 2015. United States: Wind power from American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), “American Wind Power Rebounded in 2014, Adding Over Four Times as Much as Year Before,” press release (Washington, DC: 28 January 2015), http://www.awea.org/MediaCenter/pressrelease. aspx?ItemNumber=7181; solar PV from GTM Research and U.S. Solar Industries Association (SEIA), U.S. Solar Market Insight Report: 2014 Year in Review (Washington, DC: 2015), Executive Summary, p. 3, https://www.greentechmedia.com/research/ ussmi; bio-power from FERC, Office of Energy Projects Energy Infrastructure Update for December 2013; https://www.ferc.gov/ legal/staff-reports/2013/dec-energy-infrastructure.pdf; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. this note; CSP from NREL, “Concentrating Solar Power Projects,” op. cit. this note; ocean energy from Ocean Renewable Power Company, “America’s First Ocean Energy Delivered to the Grid,” press release (Portland, ME: 13 September 2012), from “Tidal Emerges as First US Grid Connected Ocean Energy Source,” Tidal Today, 26 February 2013, http://social.tidaltoday.com; no additions in 2013 or 2014; hydropower from U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Electric Power Monthly, February 2015 (data for December 2014), Table 6.2.B “Net Summer Capacity of Utility Scale Units Using Primarily Renewable Energy Sources and by State,” http://www. eia.gov/electricity/monthly. Germany: Wind power from EWEA, op. cit. this note; solar PV from Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi), Marktanalyse Photovoltaik-Dachlagen (Berlin: BMWi, 2015), http://www.erneuerbare-energien.de/EE/ Redaktion/DE/Downloads/bmwi_de/marktanalysen-photovoltaik- photovoltaik.pdf, and from BMWi, Entwicklung der Erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland im Jahr 2014 (Berlin: 2015), data from Arbeitsgruppe Erneuerbare Energien-Statistik (AGEE-Stat), as of February 2015, http://www.erneuerbare-energien.de/EE/ Redaktion/DE/Downloads/entwicklung_der_erneuerbaren_ energien_in_deutschland_im_jahr_2014.pdf; bio-power from idem, p. 17; geothermal from German Geothermal Association (Bundesverband Geothermie), list of geothermal projects in Germany, http://www.geothermie.de/fileadmin/useruploads/ wissenswelt/Projekte/Projektliste_Tiefe_Geothermie_2015_ bundesland.pdf; CSP and ocean energy from BMWi, Entwicklung der Erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland im Jahr 2014, op. cit. this note, p. 19; hydropower from idem, p. 7. Italy: Wind power from EWEA, op. cit. this note; solar PV from IEA-PVPS, op. cit. this note; bio-power based on data from Gestore dei Servizi Energetici - GSE S.p.A., provided by Noemi Magnanini, GSE, personal communication with REN21, 16 May 2014, and from IEA, op. cit. this note, workbook with summary tables, table 5, “Bioenergy Capacity”; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. this note; CSP from Luis Crespo, European Solar Thermal Electricity Association (ESTELA), personal communication with REN21, February 2014; no capacity added in 2014; ocean energy from GSE S.p.A., op. cit. this note; no capacity added in 2014; hydropower based on data from idem, from Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products- datasets/-/nrg_113a; and from IJHD, op. cit. this note, Table “World Hydro Potential and Development,” pp. 13–15. Spain: Wind power from EWEA, op. cit. this note; solar PV from Masson, op. cit. this note, and from IEA-PVPS, op. cit. this note; bio-power from Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (CNMC) cited in Red Eléctrica de España (REE), “Potencia Instalada Peninsular (MW),” as of 31 December 2014, updated March 2015, www.ree.es; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. this note; CSP from NREL, “Concentrating Solar Power Projects,” op. cit. this note, and from Alcauza, op. cit. this note; ocean energy from OES Annual Report 2011 (Lisbon: 2011), Table 6.1, p. 122, http:// www.ocean-energy-systems.org/index.php; no capacity added in intervening years; hydropower based on data from Eurostat, op. cit. this note; from REE, op. cit. this note, updated 15 January 2015; and from Hydropower and Dams, op. cit. this note. Japan: Wind power from GWEC, op. cit. this note, and from WWEA, op. cit. this note; solar PV from IEA-PVPS, op. cit. this note; bio-power and hydropower data from Japanese Ministry of Energy, Trade and Industry, “Announcement Regarding the Present Status of Introduction of Facilities Generating Renewable Energy as of December 31, 2014,” April 2015, and from Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies (ISEP), Renewables 2014 Japan Status Report, provided by Hironao Matsubara, ISEP, Tokyo, personal communication with REN21, 14 May 2015; capacity of RPS certified plants is included; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. this note; no CSP or ocean energy capacity. Per capita data based on capacity data provided in Table R2 and on 2013 country population data from World Bank, “World Development Indicators – Population, Total,” 2015, http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ SP.POP.TOTL, viewed 15 May 2015. 3 Table R3 derived from the following sources: United States based on U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service, Global Agricultural Trade System, http://apps.fas.usda. gov/gats/default.aspx, viewed February 2015; Canada from Wood Resources International LLC, “Pellet Exports from North America to Europe Has Plateaued in 2014 with Canadian Shipments Declining and Exports from the US South Continuing Upward,” 23 October 2014, http://www.pr.com/press-release/597701, and from Wood Resources International LLC, “Wood Pellet Exports from North America Reached a New Record High in the 3Q/14 Thanks to Higher Shipments to Asia,” 16 February 2015, http:// news.cision.com/wood-resources-international-llc/r/wood-pellet- exports-from-north-america-reached-a-new-record-high-in-the- 3q-14-thanks-to-higher-shipm,c9724668; all other data from Eurostat 2015, International Trade Database, http://ec.europa.eu/ eurostat/web/international-trade/data/database, viewed February 2015. 4 Table R4 derived from the following sources: Unless otherwise noted, all data for 2013 and 2014 from F.O. Licht, “Fuel Ethanol: World Production by Country,” 2015, and “Biodiesel: World Production, by Country,” 2015, with permission from F.O. Licht / Licht Interactive Data; preliminary 2013 data that appeared in GSR 2014 have been updated where possible. Netherlands HVO production assumes that the Neste Oil facility in Rotterdam produced the same amount of HVO as in prior years, with data from F.O. Licht, 2014; China biodiesel production from U.S. Department of Agriculture, Global Agricultural Information Network, People’s Republic of China 2014 Biofuels Annual (Washington, DC: 4 November 2014), http://gain.fas.usda.gov/ Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Biofuels%20Annual_Beijing_ China%20-%20Peoples%20Republic%20of_11-4-2014.pdf; ethanol data converted from cubic metres to litres using 1,000 litres/cubic metre; biodiesel data converted from units of 1,000 tonnes using a density value for biodiesel to give 1,136 litres per tonne based on NREL, Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide, Fourth Edition (Golden, CO: 2009), http://www.biodiesel.org/docs/ using-hotline/nrel-handling-and-use.pdf?sfvrsn=4. Note that data can vary considerably among sources. For further details, see Bioenergy section in Market and Industry Trends by Technology, and related endnotes. 5 Table R5 derived from the following sources: GEA, from Benjamin Matek, GEA, personal communication with REN21, March 2015; Ruggero Bertani, “Geothermal Power Generation in the World: 2010-2014 Update Report,” Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress 2015 (Melbourne, Australia: 19–25 April 2015). Further information, by country, as follows: Germany: The co-generating Sauerlach binary plant (5 MW/4 MWth) was inaugurated in January 2014, delivering heat and electricity on the outskirts of Munich, and about 4 MW of power came on line at the Oberhaching- Laufzorn plant later in the year; see Stadtwerke München, “Geothermie-Heizkraftwerk Sauerlach geht offiziell in Betrieb,” press release (Munich: 30 January 2014), http://www.swm.de/ BACK

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