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GSR 2015 - Concentrating Solar Thermal Power (CSP)

64 02 MARKET AND INDUSTRY TRENDS CONCENTRATING SOLAR THERMAL POWER (CSP) ■■ CSP MARKETS The concentrating solar thermal power (CSP) market remains less established than most other renewable energy markets. Nonetheless, in 2014 the sector continued nearly a decade of strong growth. During the course of the year, four new projects totalling over 0.9 GW increased total global capacity by 27% to nearly 4.4 GW.1 (R See Figure 18 and Reference Table R8.) In the five years from end-2009 to end-2014, global operating capacity rose by an annual average of 46%.2 The United States was the global market leader for the second consecutive year, with India the only other country to bring new capacity into commercial operation during 2014.3 South Africa continued to emerge as a major market, with further development and interest in CSP in other new markets with high direct normal irradiance (DNI)i .4 Although parabolic trough plants represent the bulk of existing capacity, 2014 was a notable year in terms of the diversification of the CSP technology landscape. Capacities of newly deployed parabolic trough and tower plants drew closer, with 46% of added capacity based on parabolic trough technology, and 41% based on tower technology. The increase in tower capacity was due to commissioning in the United States of the Ivanpah plant, the largest CSP plant in the world. The world’s largest linear Fresnel plant (125 MW), equivalent to 13% of global added capacity, came on line in India, further diversifying the mix of added technologies. By early 2015, parabolic trough plants accounted for just over half of the capacity under construction, while towers/central receivers represented approximately 40%.5 The United States had a record year, increasing operating CSP capacity from 0.9 GW to just over 1.6 GW.6 Plants that came on line included the Ivanpah tower plant (377 MW) as well as the Mojave plant (250 MW) and the second (125 MW) phase of the Genesis plant (total 250 MW), both using parabolic trough technology.7 The United States will see significantly less capacity added in 2015, with the Crescent Dunes parabolic trough project (100 MW) the only plant expected to come on line.8 India saw the opening of the Dhursar CSP plant (125 MW) and the Megha plant (50 MW), increasing the country’s installed capacity more than fourfold to 225 MW.9 The Dhursar plant in Rajasthan is Asia’s largest CSP installation.10 The Megha plant, located in Andhra Pradesh, was the third CSP plant to be commissioned under the first phase of India’s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission.11 Spain remains the global leader in cumulative capacity with 2.3 GW of CSP, despite the fact that it added no new capacity in 2014.12 The paralysis of the Spanish market follows policy changes implemented in recent years, including a 2012 moratorium on feed-in tariffs for new plants and the severe curtailment in 2014 of tariff rates for plants already in operation.13 TheSouthAfricanmarketcontinuedtoexpandrapidly.Attheend of 2014, four plants totalling 300 MW were under construction. These included a 100 MW facility which came on line in early 2015, two 50 MW plants expected later in the year, and a 100 MW plant expected on line in 2017. A range of other plants are under planning, with two 100 MW facilities expected to finalise funding for construction in late 2015.14 Morocco also was a centre of activity in 2014. Construction continued on Morocco’s Noor I plant (160 MW), which is expected to begin commercial operation in 2015.15 Contractors were selected in early 2015 for the further phases of the project, totalling an additional 350 MW.16 Figure 18. Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Global Capacity, by Country or Region, 2004–2014 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Gigawatts 5 4 3 2 1 0 World Total 4.4 Gigawatts Rest of World Spain United States Figure 18. Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Global Capacity, by Country or Region, 2004–2014 i - DNI refers to the amount of solar radiation per unit area that is received directly from the sun and strikes a given surface. 20042005200620072008200920102011201220132014

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