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GSR 2015 - Policies to Advance Energy Efficiency

119 06 RENEWABLES 2015 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT POLICIES TO ADVANCE ENERGY EFFICIENCY Drivers for policies to promote energy efficiency improvements includeadvancingenergysecurity,supportingeconomicgrowth, and mitigating climate change.48 Energy efficiency improve- ments also are important for economic competitiveness.49 In poorer countries, increased efficiency (in appliances and light bulbs, for example) can make it easier to provide energy services to those who lack access.50 To that end, an increasing number of countries has enacted policies to improve the energy efficiency of buildings, appliances, transport vehicles, and industry. Targets to advance energy efficiency have been established at all levels of government, including the regional level. In late 2014, the European Union set a non-binding target to achieve an efficiency improvement of at least 27% by 2030 (in relation to the 1990 level), up from its 2020 target of 20%. To achieve the initial 2020 EU-wide target, several Member States have established national indicative targets for 2020. During 2013–14, 14 Member Statesi set targets for country-wide energy savings, and 20 EU countries submitted National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAP) outlining how they would achieve their targets.51 Beyond the EU, other countries and regions that have adopted energy efficiency targets include China, India, South Africa, Thailand, the United States, and all ECOWASii countries in Africa. In early 2015, China’s premier announced government plans to reduce the nation’s energy intensity by 3.1% during 2015 (compared with a 4.8% reduction in 2014).52 To achieve their targets, governments are introducing new regulations or updating existing ones to drive efficiency improvements in all sectors of the economy. In the building sector, recent developments include: British Columbia's (Canada) introduction of more-stringent energy efficiency requirements for single-family houses and small buildings in 2014; Belgium and Lithuania’s adoption of new building energy performance requirements in 2013; the United Kingdom’s 2013 Energy Companies Obligation scheme, which aims to reduce national energy consumption while also providing support for people living in fuel poverty; and Vietnam’s introduction, also in 2013, of a new building code that includes energy efficiency requirements.53 Standards and labelling programmes are the primary tools used to improve the efficiency of appliances and other energy-consuming products. By 2014, 81 countries had such programmes, and mandatory energy performance standards covered 55 product types, with refrigerators, room air conditioners, lighting, and televisions the most commonly regulated. The number of all types of standards and labelling measures (related to energy performance) around the world has nearly tripled over the past decade, exceeding 3,600 in 2014.54 Several standard and labelling schemes were extended or strengthened over the past two years. For example, Poland, Japan, and South Korea each expanded coverage to all energy- consuming products (previously they targeted only domestic appliances). Germany introduced a voluntary labelling scheme, “TOP 100 – Eco-label for Climate-Relevant Products”, to identify and label the most energy-efficient products.55 Other countries are in the process of developing standards and labelling programmes. For example, Côte d’Ivoire is developing standards and labels for household appliances under its Strategic Development Plan for 2011–2030.56 Particularly in developing and emerging economies, energy efficiency of cooking technology has become important, and several countries have begun to adopt related regulations and standards. For example, Iran implemented energy performance standards (EPS) for cookstoves and hobs/cooktops in 2013, and Vietnam adopted mandatory labelling in 2013 and EPS for rice cookers the following year. Other countries in the process of considering or developing similar instruments include Bangladesh, Chile, Indonesia, and Mexico.57 Furthermore, several developing countries have programmes to promote efficient cookstoves, including Burkina Faso, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo.58 Energy efficiency standards and labelling also focus increasingly on the transport and industrial sectors. In transport, recent i - They include Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Estonia, France, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, and the United Kingdom. ii - Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.

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