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GSR 2015

227 04 RENEWABLES 2015 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT Energy Resiliency,” Greentech Media, 9 January 2015, http:// www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/massachusetts- awards-18m-for-microgrids-energy-resiliency; Claire Cameron, “Massachusetts Utilities Ordered to Modernize the Grid,” Utility Dive, 16 June 2014, http://www.utilitydive.com/news/ massachusetts-utilities-ordered-to-modernize-the-grid/274678/. 71 Tom Johnson, “State Invests in Backup Storage for Solar Power and Wind Energy Systems,” NJ Spotlight, 24 March 2015, http:// www.njspotlight.com/stories/15/03/23/state-invests-in-backup- storage-for-solar-power-and-wind-energy-systems/. 72 Bärbel Epp, “Austria: Large-Scale Solar Plants Subsidy Scheme Shows Increase in Average System Sizes,” Solar Thermal World, 3 January 2014, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/ austria-large-scale-solar-plants-subsidy-scheme-shows-increase- average-system-sizes/; Bärbel Epp, “Denmark: Launch of Subsidy Scheme for the Industrial Sector,” Solar Thermal World, 26 September 2013, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/ denmark-launch-subsidy-scheme-industrial-sector/; Bärbel Epp, “Germany: Environment Ministry Pushes Up Solar Process Heat Subsidies,” Solar Thermal World, 16 August 2012, http:// www.solarthermalworld.org/content/germany-environment- ministry-pushes-solar-process-heat-subsidies; Bärbel Epp, “India: 90 Process Heat Projects with Concentrating Collectors in Five Years,” Solar Thermal World, 11 June 2012, http://www. solarthermalworld.org/content/india-90-process-heat-projects- concentrating-collectors-five-years; Bärbel Epp, “Mexico: Training and On-Site Inspection for Agricultural Solar Systems,” Solar Thermal World, 26 July 2012, http://www.solarthermalworld. org/content/mexico-training-and-site-inspection-agricultural- solar-systems; Bärbel Epp, “Thailand: Ministry of Energy Extends Incentive Programme Until 2021,” Solar Thermal World, 2 February 2014, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/ thailand-ministry-energy-extends-incentive-programme- until-2021; Bärbel Epp, “Tunisia Funds Solar Process Heat,” Solar Thermal World, 7 October 2013, http://www.solarthermalworld. org/content/tunisia-funds-solar-process-heat. 73 Sidebar 7 from the following sources: share of heating/cooling load from IEA, Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report 2014 (Paris: 2014), http://www.iea.org/bookshop/480- Medium-Term_Renewable_Energy_Market_Report_2014; A. Eisentraut and A. Brown, Heating Without Global Warming: Market Developments and Policy Considerations for Renewable Heat (Paris: OECD/IEA, 2014), http://www.iea.org/ publications/insights/insightpublications/FeaturedInsight_ HeatingWithoutGlobalWarming_FINAL.pdf; N. Veilleux et al., Waking the Sleeping Giant: Next Generation Policy Instruments for Renewable Heating and Cooling in the Commercial Sector (RES-H-NEXT) (Utrecht: IEA-Renewable Energy Technology Deployment, 2015); M. Beerepoot and A. Marmion, Policies for Renewable Heat: An Integrated Approach (Paris: OECD/IEA, 2012); Eisentraut and Brown, op. cit. this note; A. Brown and S. Müller, Deploying Renewables 2011: Best and Future Policy Practice (Paris: OECD/IEA, 2011); V. Bürger et al., “Policies to Support Renewable Energies in the Heat Market,” Energy Policy, vol. 36, no. 8 (2008), pp. 3150–59; RHI from UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Renewable Heat Incentive (London: 2011), https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/ attachment_data/file/48041/1387-renewable-heat-incentive. pdf; German target from Bundesministeriums der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz in Zusammenarbeit mit der juris GmbH, “Gesetz zur Förderung Erneuerbarer Energien im Wärmebereich (Erneuerbare-EnergienWärmegesetz – EEWärmeG,” 2008, http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/bundesrecht/eew_rmeg/ gesamt.pdf; Baden-Württemberg from Volker Kienzeln, personal communication with REN21, 17 March 2015; California Energy Commission and California PUC Energy Division, CA Energy Efficiency Action Plan – Codes and Standards Action Plan 2012-2015 (Sacramento, CA: March 2014), http://www.cpuc. ca.gov/; Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources, Zero Net Energy Buildings (ZNEB), Pathway to Zero Net Energy Program (Boston: 2015), www.mass.gov; New York from New York State Energy and Research Development Authority (NYSERDA), “ContestZERO Consulting Consulting Services,” 2015, www. nyserda.gov; Japan from Sandy Dechert, “Japan Focuses on Zero-Energy Buildings,” Clean Technica, 1 October 2014, http:// cleantechnica.com/2014/10/01/japan-focuses-zero-energy- buildings/; low-temperature grids from A. Dalla Rossa et al., “Toward 4th Generation District Heating,” IEA District Heating and Cooling (DHC) – Combined Heat and Power (CHP), 2014, www. iea-dhc.com, and from DHC Platform, District Heating & Cooling Strategic Research Agenda (Brussels: Euroheat & Power, 2012); decentralised generators from an interview with Roger Hackstock, Austria Solar, in Bärbel Epp, “Austria: ‘Heat Networks Must Enable Decentralised Feed-in Options,” Solar Thermal World, 2 October 2014, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/austria-heat- networks-must-enable-decentralised-feed-options; Wilhelmsburg from U. Hellweg, N. Veilleux, and G. Nelson, “A German City Confronts Climate Change: Hamburg’s Holistic Plan for Generating Heat and Electricity Locally,” Northeast Sun, Spring 2012; Dubai from Lily Riahi et al., District Energy in Cities. Unlocking the Potential of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Paris: United Nations Environment Programme, 2015), http://www.unep.org/ energy/portals/50177/DES_District_Energy_Report_full_02_d. pdf; RESCUE Project, “About Us,” 2013, http://www.rescue- project.eu/about/. 74 Ministry for the Environment, Climate, and Energy Baden- Württemberg, “Act to Amend the Renewable Heat Act,” 10 March 2015, https://um.baden-wuerttemberg.de/de/ energie/energieeffizienz/erneuerbare-waerme-gesetz-bw/ ewaermeg-novelle/. 75 Bärbel Epp, “National Building Regulation in South Africa,” Solar Thermal World, 1 February 2015, http://www.solarthermalworld. org/content/national-building-regulation-south-africa. 76 Jennifer Runyon, “Renewable Heating and Cooling Now Mandated in Massachusetts,” Renewable Energy World, 4 August 2014, http://www.renewableenergyworld. com/rea/news/article/2014/08/ renewable-heating-and-cooling-now-part-of-massachusetts-rps. 77 Rates set at USD 0.298 per kWh (GBP 0.192 per kWh) over seven years. 78 Rates increase to USD 0.146 per kWh (0.094 per kWh) for 20 years. 79 See Table 3 in this section. 80 Portail Alerien des Energies Renouvelables, “ALSOL: Operation d’installation de chauffe-eau solaires dans les etablissements du tertiaire,” 2 February 2014, http://portail.cder.dz/spip. php?article3793. 81 Bärbel Epp, “Chile: Bad News No Longer,” Solar Thermal World, 24 October 2014, http://solarthermalworld.org/content/ chile-bad-news-no-longer. 82 Bärbel Epp, “Romania: Former and Present Environmental Minister Brings Back Green House Programme,” Solar Thermal World, 25 June 2014, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/ romania-former-and-present-environmental-minister-brings- back-green-house-programme. 83 Bärbel Epp, “Finance and Incentives, Slovenia,” Solar Thermal World, 30 March 2014, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/ taxonomy/term/74851,44051?module=browse&option=remove. 84 Bärbel Epp, “Czech Republic: Low Financial Support and High Administrative Burden,” Solar Thermal World, 31 July 2014, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/czech-republic-low- financial-support-and-high-administrative-burden. 85 Bärbel Epp, “India: Solar Energy Equipment Exempt from Central Excise and Customs Duty,” Solar Thermal World, 15 September 2014, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/india-solar- energy-equipment-exempt-central-excise-and-customs-duty. 86 EY, op. cit. note 66. 87 Bärbel Epp, “South Africa: Companies Wait on New Eskom Rebate Scheme Requirements,” Solar Thermal World, 21 July 2014, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/south-africa- companies-wait-new-eskom-rebate-scheme-requirements. 88 Bärbel Epp, “Italy: Plans to Simplify Conto Termico Administration,” Solar Thermal World, 1 October 2014, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/ italy-plans-simplify-conto-termico-administration. 89 Bärbel Epp, “USA: Solar Thermal Focus Against the Mainstream,” Solar Thermal World, 2 November 2014, http:// solarthermalworld.org/content/usa-solar-thermal-focus-against- mainstream; Meghan Sapp, “South Africa to Get 80,000 Ton Duty-free Ethanol Export Quota to EU,” Biofuels Digest, 21 July 2014, http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2014/07/21/ south-africa-to-get-80000-ton-duty-free-ethanol-export- quota-to-eu/; DSIRE USA Database, “Massachusetts: Residential Ground Source Heat Pump Program,” 15 December 2014, http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive. cfm?Incentive_Code=MA138F¤tpageid=3&EE=1&RE=1. 90 Free Hot Water, “A New Made-in Minnesota Solar Thermal BACK

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