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GSR 2015

231 05 RENEWABLES 2015 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT 43 Mridul Chadha, “SunEdison to Install 250 MW Off-Grid Solar Power Projects in Rural India,” Clean Technica, 20 January 2015, http://cleantechnica.com/2015/01/20/ sunedison-install-250-mw-grid-solar-power-projects-rural-india/. 44 Meagle Sun, “Africa-Solar Community Battery Cabinets in Gabon,” http://www.meaglesun.com/en/achievements/solar-community- battery-cabinets-in-gabon/, December 2011. 45 Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India. Loan for Installation of Grid Interactive Rooftop Solar PV Plants (New Delhi: December 2014), http://mnre.gov.in/file- manager/UserFiles/Press-Release-Grid-Interactive-Solar-Rooftop. pdf. 46 Thomas Meier, Innovative Business Models and Financing Mechanisms for PV Deployment in Emerging Regions (Paris: December 2014), http://www.iea-pvps.org/index. php?id=3&eID=dam_frontend_push&docID=2350. 47 Sidebar 8 from the following sources: TEG stoves from Jill Baumgartner, Kirk R. Smith, and Arun Chockalingam, “Reducing CVD Through Improvements in Household Energy: Implications for Policy-Relevant Research,” Global Heart, vol. 7, no. 3 (2012), pp. 243–47; Malawi from Irish Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Ireland’s Bilateral Climate Finance Malawi – 2013 Report (Dublin: 2014), https://www.irishaid.ie/media/irishaid/allwebsitem edia/20newsandpublications/140902-Malawi-Climate-Finance- Report-Final.pdf; Haiti from Rochester Institute of Technology, “Thermoelectric Cookstove for Haiti,” http://edge.rit.edu/edge/ P11451/public/Poster%20Publication%20%28SD%20II%29, viewed 2 April 2015; Sachin Joshi, Dan Mastbergen, and Bryan Willson, The Global Innovation Center, “Field Testing of Stove Powered Thermoelectric Generator,” http://ethoscon.com/pdf/ ETHOS/ETHOS2007/Sat_AM/Session_1/Mastbergen_Testing_ Thermoelectric_Generator.pdf, viewed 2 April 2015; Kenya from B.K. Sovacool, M. Kryman, and T. Smith, “Scaling and Commercializing Mobile Biogas Systems in Kenya: A Qualitative Pilot Study,” Renewable Energy, vol. 76 (2015), pp. 115–25; flexi- biogas pilots from Michael Hofmann, Inter-American Development Bank, personal communication with REN21, 25 March 2015; pico-wind from Simon Dingle and Jessica Hubbard, “Tech Trends: Recycling the Wind,” Finweek, 22 March 2012; yield gains in Africa from GVEP International, Annual Review 2014: Accelerating Access to Energy (London: 2014), http://www.gvepinternational. org; drip irrigation from Solar Electric Light Fund, Empowering Women with Solar Irrigation: The Solar Market Garden Enhances Food Security in Benin, West Africa (Washington, DC: 2012), http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/csw55/panels/Panel4- Freling,Robert.pdf; Bangladesh from IDCOL, op. cit. note 24; Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP), “Making the Case: How Agrifood Firms Are Building New Business Cases in the Water-Energy-Food Nexus,” http://www.reeep.org/ making-case-how-agrifood-firms-are-building-new-business- cases-water-energy-food-nexus, viewed 2 April 2015; remote monitoring systems from GOGLA, “How Remote Monitoring Is Transforming BBOXX,” http://global-off-grid-lighting-association. org/how-remote-monitoring-is-transforming-bboxx/, viewed 2 April 2015; Product Health, “Smart, Connected and Healthy Powered Products,” http://www.producthealth.com/, viewed 2 April 2015; SparkMeter, “Low-Cost Smart Meters,” http://www. sparkmeter.io, viewed 2 April 2015; Multilateral Investment Fund, UK Department for International Development, Power Africa, and Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF), Climatescope 2014: Mapping the Global Frontiers for Clean Energy Investment (London: 2014), http://global-climatescope.org/en/download/reports/ climatescope-2014-report-en.pdf; Project Surya, Mitigating Air Pollution and Climate Changes from Residential Biomass Combustion (San Diego, CA: 2012), http://www.projectsurya.org/ storage/ProjectSuryaLaunchesPilotCarbonCreditMarket.pdf; Schneider Electric, “DC Micro Grid – 0.5 kW to 10 kW Prepaid DC Micro Grid Solution with Centralized Generation and Distributed Storage,” http://www.schneider-electric.com/products/in/ en/8600-access-to-energy-collective-solutions/8610-villaya- collective-solutions/62210-dc-micro-grid/, viewed 2 April 2015; Bangladeshi company from Solar Intercontinental Ltd, “Onward: Solaric Founder’s Innoventions,” October 2014, http://www. solar-ic.com; super-efficient DC appliances from Clasp, “Clean Energy Access,” http://www.clasponline.org/en/OurPrograms/ CurrentPrograms/CleanEnergyAccess.aspx, viewed 2 April 2015; TERI from Lighting a Billion Lives, “Our Reach,” http://labl.teriin. org/index.php?option=com_dir&task=all, viewed 12 March 2015. 48 REN21, Renewables 2014 Global Status Report (Paris: 2014), p. 96. 49 Frankfurt School–UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance and BNEF, Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2013 (Frankfurt: 2013), http://www. unep.org/pdf/GTR-UNEP-FS-BNEF2.pdf. 50 REN21, op. cit. note 48, p. 96. 51 B.K. Sovacool, “Expanding Renewable Energy Access with Pro- Poor Public Private Partnerships in the Developing World,” Energy Strategy Reviews, vol. 1, no. 3 (March 2013), pp. 181–92. 52 Climatescope, "Peru 1st Off-Grid Renewable Energy Auction," 2014, http://global-climatescope.org/en/policies/#/policy/3815. 53 Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources, Power Division, Sustainable Energy Development Strategy for Bangladesh: Going Towards Green (Dhaka: November 2014), http://asialeds.org/sites/default/ files/resource/file/Sustainable_Energy_Shah_Haider.pdf. 54 Climate Investment Fund, “Expression of Interest Plan of Chad to Participate in ‘Scaling up Renewable Energy Program in Low Income Countries’ (SREP),” December 2014, https://www. climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif/sites/climateinvestmentfunds. org/files/Chad_EOI.pdf. 55 Chile Ministry of Energy, “Fondo de Acceso Energético,” http://fae. minenergia.cl/, provided by Gonzalo Bravo, Fundación Bariloche, personal communication with REN21, 2015. 56 P. Tharakan, “Off-Grid Renewable Energy Program in Myanmar,” https://energypedia.info/images/b/bf/WB_NEP_seminar_ADB_ presentation_Tharakan.pdf, viewed 2 April 2015. 57 Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority, Ministry of Power and Energy, “Sunithyaloka Uva Programme,” http://slsea.fclcloud. com/“sunithyaloka”-uva-programme, viewed 1 April 2015. 58 See REN21, op. cit. note 48, Reference Table R20, pp. 135–37. 59 Republic of Philippines, Department of Energy, “25th Status Report on EPIRA Implementation,” http://www.doe.gov.ph/power- and-electrification/power-industry-reforms/369-status-report-on- epira-implementation. 60 Mauricio Solano, Organization of American States, personal communication with REN21, 10 March 2015. 61 REN21, ECOWAS Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Status Report (Paris: 2014). 62 Ministerio de Electricidad, “Programa de Eficiencia Energética para la Cocción por Inducción y Calentamiento de Agua con Electricidad en Sustitucion del Gas Licuado de Petroleo (GLP) en el Sector Residencial,” 2014, http://www.infinite.com.ec/MEER/ CocinasResumen.pdf. 63 GACC, Guatemala Country Action Plan for Clean Cookstoves and Fuels (Washington, DC: 2014), http://cleancookstoves.org/ resources_files/guatemala-cap-annexes.pdf. 64 Bangladesh Ministry of Power, Energy & Mineral Resources, Country Action Plan for Clean Cookstoves (Dhaka: November 2013), https://cleancookstoves.org/binary-data/RESOURCE/ file/000/000/235-1.pdf. 65 MNRE, “National Biomass Cookstoves Programme,” http:// mnre.gov.in/schemes/decentralized-systems/national-biomass- cookstoves-initiative/, viewed 23 February 2015. 66 MNRE, National-Biogas-Manure-Management-Programme (New Delhi: December 2014), http://www.mnre.gov.in/file-manager/ offgrid-biogas/National-Biogas-Manure-Management- Programme%28NBMMP%29-12thplan_additional-reduction_ target.pdf. 67 Nigerian Ministry of Environment, “Renewable Energy Programme: Projects,” http://renewableenergy.gov.ng/projects/; Bahijjahtu Abubakar, “The Renewable Energy Programme,” presentation, 17 October 2013, http://www.slideshare.net/ Mathesisslides/naee-2013-renewable-energy-progamme- of-nigeria-presentation; Senegal from Ayla Reith, ECOWAS, personal communication with REN21, 3 March 2015. Nigeria’s National Clean Cooking Scheme aims to distribute 20 million clean cookstoves throughout the country, working with women’s co-operatives to provide stoves to households and institutional firewood consumers such as schools and hospitals. 68 ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE), Baseline Report for the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Policy (EREP) (Praia, Cabo Verde: 2012). 69 United Nations, Sustainable Energy for All: A Global Action Agenda (Vienna: 2012), http://www.se4all.org/wp-content/ uploads/2014/01/SEFA-Action-Agenda-Final.pdf. BACK

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