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GSR 2015

236 ENDNOTES 06 ENERGY EFFICIENCY: RENEWABLE ENERGY’S TWIN PILLAR 61 L. Fulton and S. Watson, Fuel Economy State of the World 2014: The World Is Shifting Into Gear on Fuel Economy (London: Global Fuel Economy Initiative, 2014), connect/publications/gfei-annual-report-2014. 62 IEA, “Energy Efficiency Market Report 2014 Factsheet” (Paris: OECD/IEA, 2014), EEMR14_Factsheet.pdf. 63 Harrington, Brown, and Caithness, op. cit. note 55. 64 The mandate covers companies in China’s Top-10,000 Program, a mandatory energy conservation target-setting policy for large energy users that was introduced in 2011. The programme covers approximately two-thirds of China’s total energy consumption and about 15,000 industrial enterprises that use more than 10,000 tonnes of coal equivalent (tce) per year, 160 large transportation enterprises, and public buildings, hotels and commercial enterprises that use more than 5,000 tce per year. The goal of the programme is to save 250 million tce by 2015, per Institute for Industrial Productivity, “Energy Management System Requirements under the Top-10,000 Program,” 2015, http:// system-requirements-under-top-10000-program. 65 DOE, Industrial Energy Efficiency: Designing Effective State Programs for the Industrial Sector (Washington, DC: March 2014), efficiency-designing-effective-state-programs-industrial-sector. 66 IEA, op. cit. note 54. 67 USD 14,147 (PLN 50,000) if annual building energy use is 15 kWh/ m² or lower; USD 8,488 (PLN 30,000) if building energy use is 40 kWh/m² or lower, per IEA, op. cit. note 54. 68 The programme is called GAZELA, from ibid. 69 United States from DOE, EERE, “Tax Incentives Information Center,”, viewed 7 April 2015; France from International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC), personal communication with REN21, 25 March 2015. 70 Invest in Turkey, “Investment Incentives Expanded to Cover Energy Efficiency Projects” (Ankara: Republic of Turkey Prime Ministry Investment Support and Promotion Agency, 20 June 2014), Pages/200614-turkey-energy-saving-investment-incentives.aspx. 71 IEA, op. cit. note 54. Germany’s subsidy programmes mentioned: one to support company investments in the most energy-efficient and environmentally friendly solutions available in the design of their production processes in the industry and services sectors, and one to support the certification of EnMS or energy controlling systems and the purchase of required measuring equipment and software. 72 M. Adams and D. Forni, Transposition of Energy Audit Obligation for Large Enterprises. Executive Summary Report 5.3. Energy Services and ESCOs, Energy Auditing, Solving Administrative Barriers. Energy Efficiency Directive, 2014. 73 REN21, Renewables 2012: Global Status Report (Paris: 2012), GSR2012_low%20res_FINAL.pdf. 74 European Commission, “2030 Framework for Climate and Energy Policies,”, viewed 22 April 2015. 75 IEA, op. cit. note 54. 76 Ibid.; Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, and Ministry of the Environment of Japan, “ACE: Actions for Cool Earth: Proactive Diplomatic Strategy for Countering Global Warming” (Toyko: November 2013), files/000019539.pdf. 77 J. Groezinger et al., Overview of Member States Information on NZEBs, working version of the progress report – final report BUIDE14975, by Order of the European Commission (Cologne, Germany: ECOFYS Germany GmbH, 2014). 78 Ibid. 79 IEA, op. cit. note 54. 80 Eva Augsten, “Switzerland: New Buildings to Reach Nearly Zero Energy Standard by 2020,” Solar Thermal World, 24 January 2015, buildings-reach-nearly-zero-energy-standard-2020. 81 California Energy Commission, “Building Energy Efficiency Program” (Sacramento, CA: 2014), title24/. 82 City of Sydney, Energy Efficiency Master Plan Draft (Sydney, Australia: 2015), energy-efficiency-master-plan. 83 Andrew Burger, “New California Partnership Launches Statewide PACE Program,” Renewable Energy World, 26 January 2015, article/2015/01/new-california-partnership-launches-statewide- pace-program. PACE stands for Property Assessed Clean Energy. 84 HERO Program, “41 California Jurisdictions Launch HERO PACE Program to Help Homeowners Invest in Home-Efficiency Improvements, Save Money on Energy and Water Bills,” press release (Sacramento, CA: 31 March 2015), http://www. launch-hero-pace-program-to-help-homeowners-invest-in-home- efficiency-improvements-save-money-on-energy-and-water- bills-300058662.html. 85 “Germany Seeks to Boost Renewable Sources of Heating,” Reuters, 11 March 2015, us-germany-energy-heating-idUSKBN0M717J20150311. 86 El Congreso de Colombia, “Ley No 1715: Por Medio de la Cual Se Regula la Integracion de las Energias Renovables No Convencionales al Sistema Energetico Nacional” (Bogota: 13 May 2014). 87 IEA, op. cit. note 54. 88 Ibid. 89 Ibid. The programme is called KAWKA. 90 UNEP, The Emissions Gap Report 2014. A UNEP Synthesis Report (Nairobi: 2014), emissionsgapreport2014/portals/50268/pdf/EGR2014_LOWRES. pdf. BACK

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