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GSR 2015

195 02 RENEWABLES 2015 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT 1 The definition of ocean energy used in this report does not include offshore wind power or marine biomass energy. 2 Global installed capacity based on Ocean Energy Systems (OES), Annual Report 2014 (Lisbon: 2014), http://www.ocean-energy- systems.org, on International Energy Agency (IEA), Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report 2014 (Paris: OECD/IEA, 2014), and on sources for capacity installations as noted elsewhere in this section. 3 OES, op. cit. note 2; and Électricité de France (EDF), “Usine marémotrice de La Rance,” http://energie.edf.com/hydraulique/ energies-marines/carte-des-implantations-marines/usine- maremotrice-de-la-rance/presentation-51516.html 4 Atlantis Resources, “Turbine Construction Contract with Lockheed Martin” (Singapore: 30 March 2015), http://atlantisresourcesltd. com/media-centre/atlantis-annoucements/79-2015- annoucements/359-turbine-construction-contract-with-lockheed- martin.html 5 The Crown Estate, “First UK Tidal Array Project Agrees Funding,” press release (London: 21 August 2014), http:// www.thecrownestate.co.uk/news-and-media/news/2014/ first-uk-tidal-array-project-agrees-funding 6 The Crown Estate, “Crown Estate Unlocks Further UK Wave and Tidal Current Opportunities,” press release (London: 8 July 2014), http://www.thecrownestate.co.uk/news-and-media/news/2014/ further-uk-wave-and-tidal-opportunities-unlocked 7 Alderney Renewable Energy, “Alderney Renewable Energy to Develop Major European Tidal Array,” undated, http://www.are.gg/ assets/Enterprising-Energy-Article_2.pdf 8 “Pelamis Wave Power Limited to Be Put Into Administration,” Renewable Energy Focus, 21 November 2014, http:// www.renewableenergyfocus.com/view/40731/ pelamis-wave-power-limited-to-be-put-into-administration 9 “Jobs Hope for Staff at Collapsed Wave Power Firm Pelamis,” BBC News, 25 November 2014, http://www.bbc.com/news/ uk-scotland-scotland-business-30202166 10 “Wave Energy Scotland Gets Financial Boost,” Subsea World News, 25 February 2015, http://subseaworldnews.com/2015/02/25/ wave-energy-scotland-gets-financial-boost/ 11 Aquamarine Power, “Aquamarine Power Announces Plans to Downsize Business,” 3 December 2014, http://www. aquamarinepower.com/news/aquamarine-power-announces- plans-to-downsize-business.aspx 12 FloWave TT, “About,” http://www.flowavett.co.uk/about 13 See for example, Abbie Badcock-Broe et al., Wave and Tidal Energy Market Deployment Strategy for Europe, Strategic Initiative for Ocean Energy (SI Ocean), June 2014, http://www.si-ocean.eu/en/ upload/docs/SIOcean_Market_Deployment_Strategy-Web.pdf 14 European Commission, Ocean Energy Forum website, http://www. oceanenergy-europe.eu/index.php/policies/ocean-energy-forum 15 Carnegie Wave Energy, “Perth Project,” http://www.carnegiewave. com/projects/perth-project.html; Carnegie Wave Energy, “Perth Wave Energy Project – April 2015 Newsletter,” http://www. carnegiewave.com/projects/perth-project/item/download/501_ a94755b2fb1a8c3065e3860e91049c10.html. 16 Nova Innovation Ltd, “Successful Operation for Nova Innovation Tidal Device,” 20 July 2014, http://www.novainnovation.co.uk/ index.php/nova30-operation-news. 17 Nova Innovation Ltd, “Nova Innovation and ELSA Secure Funding for the Shetland Tidal Array,” 15 June 2014, http://www. novainnovation.co.uk/index.php/nova-innovation-and-elsa-secure- funding-for-the-shetland-tidal-array 18 Tocardo, “Tocardo Installs Three Turbines in Dutch ‘Afsluitsdijk’,” press release (Den Oever, Netherlands: 20 February 2015), http://www.tocardo.com/news/2015/02/23/ tocardo_installs_three_turbines_in_dutch_‘afsluitdijk’/ 19 “Tocardo Tidal Turbines Agrees to Acquire Swanturbines Intellectual Property,” Renewable Energy Focus, 27 February 2015, http://www.renewableenergyfocus.com/view/41519/tocardo-tidal- turbines-agrees-to-acquire-swantubines-intellectual-property/ 20 Tocardo, “New Tidal Project in South Korea,” press release (Amsterdam/Seoul: 4 November 2014), http://www.tocardo.com/ news/2014/11/04/new_tidal_project_in_south_korea; Tocardo, “Tocardo Selected for Tidal Power Developments Isle of Man,” 12 November 2014, http://www.tocardo.com/news/2014/11/12/ tocardo_selected_for_tidal_power_developments_isle_of_man 21 Aquamarine Power, “Aquamarine Power’s Oyster Yields ‘Exceptional’ Operational Data,” 19 March 2015, http://www. aquamarinepower.com/news/aquamarine-power’s-oyster-yields- exceptional-operational-data.aspx 22 Atlantis Resources, “Expansion of Strategic Relationship with Dongfang,” press release (Singapore: 7 April 2014), http:// atlantisresourcesltd.com/media-centre/atlantis-annoucements/78- 2014-annoucements/295-expansion-of-strategic-relationship- with-dongfang.html 23 Atlantis Resources, “Turbine Construction Contract with Lockheed Martin,” press release (Singapore: 30 March 2015), http:// atlantisresourcesltd.com/media-centre/atlantis-annoucements/79- 2015-annoucements/359-turbine-construction-contract-with- lockheed-martin.html 24 Ibid. 25 Atlantis Resources, “World’s Largest Tidal Array Development Wins Prestigious International Award,” press release (Singapore: 5 November 2014), http://atlantisresourcesltd.com/media-centre/ atlantis-press-coverage/332-world-s-largest-tidal-array- development-wins-prestigious-international-award.html 26 OpenHydro, “OpenHydro and Alderney Renewable Energy (ARE) Forge Joint Venture to Develop Major European Tidal Array,” press release (Dublin: 10 April 2014), http://openhydro.com/ news/100414.html 27 OpenHydro, “OpenHydro, a DCNS Company, to Supply Two New Tidal Turbines for Installation at Paimpol-Bréhat,” press release (Dublin: 4 June 2014), http://openhydro.com/news/040614.html. 28 Alstom, “Alstom Chosen to Equip Pilot Tidal Farm at Raz Blanchard in France,” press release (Levallois-Perret, France: 2 December 2014), http://www.alstom.com/press-centre/2014/12/alstom- chosen-to-equip-pilot-tidal-farm-at-raz-blanchard-in-france; GDF Suez, “France Selects GDF SUEZ to Build a Pilot Tidal Power Farm in the Alderney Race,” press release (Paris: 2 December 2014), http://www.gdfsuez.com/en/journalists/press-releases/ tidal-power-farm-alderney-race 29 Alstom, “Alstom Improves the Performance of Its Tidal Energy Solutions with Oceade™ 18 – 1.4MW,” press release (Levallois- Perret, France: 1 October 2014), http://www.alstom.com/press- centre/2014/10/alstom-improves-the-performance-of-its-tidal- energy-solutions-with-oceade-18-14mw 30 “Nautricity Gets EMEC Grid Berth,” Subsea World News, 26 February 2015, http://subseaworldnews.com/2015/02/26/ nautricity-gets-emec-grid-berth 31 European Marine Energy Centre Ltd. (EMEC), “Magallanes Successfully Install Floating Tidal Turbine at EMEC,” press release (Stromnes, Orkney, UK: 28 November 2014), http://www.emec.org. uk/press-release-magallanes-successfully-install-floating-tidal- turbine-at-emec-2/ 32 EMEC, “Open Hydro,” http://www.emec.org.uk/about-us/ our-tidal-clients/open-hydro 33 OpenHydro, “OpenHydro and Nova Scotia Partners to Build Next Generation Tidal Energy Project in Bay of Fundy,” press release (Dublin: 28 March 2014), http://openhydro.com/news/310314.html 34 Black Rock Tidal Power Ltd., “Black Rock Tidal Power Wins Demonstration Berth in Bay of Fundy,” press release (Halifax, Nova Scotia: 28 March 2014), http://www.blackrocktidalpower.com/ news/ 35 Schottel, “Schottel Tidal Generators Push Renewable Energy Industry,” July 2014, http://www.schottel.de/ news-events/news/news-detail/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_ ews%5D=252&cHash=e5b2da1347e599b60f9a546572a9e4e7 36 Ibid.; Schottel, “Commercially Viable Energy: Schottel Hydro Launches New Turbine Generation,” February 2015, http://www. schottel.de/news-events/news/news-detail/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_ ews%5D=278&cHash=d7d04189c826f5ce222139816e92d337 37 Wello, “Fortum Invests Into Wello,” press release (Espoo, Finland: 1 September 2014), http://www.wello.eu/en/ press/56-fortum-invests-into-wello 38 Wello, “Outstanding Durability Demonstrated,” http://www.wello.eu/en/press/57-news-article-3 39 Wello Ltd, “Wello’s Wave Energy Converter Producing Clean Energy,” 10 September 2013, http://www.wello.eu/news.php 40 Tocardo, “Tocardo Acquires Dutch IHC Tidal Energy,” press release (Den Oever, Netherlands: 18 November 2014), http://www.tocardo. com/news/2014/11/18/tocardo_acquires_dutch_ihc_tidal_energy 41 Tocardo, “Tocardo Acquires Swanturbines Technology,” press release (Den Oever, Netherlands: 26 February 2015), http://www.tocardo.com/news/2015/02/26/ tocardo_acquires_swanturbines_technology 42 Badcock-Broe et al., op. cit. note 13. 43 Ibid. 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