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GSR 2015

213 02 RENEWABLES 2015 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT 120 Jens-Peter Meyer, “More Than Temperature Difference,” Sun & Wind Energy, February 2015, pp. 32–41. 121 Irina Mitina, “Technology Survey: Pros and Cons of Different PVT Collectors,” Fachhochschule Düsseldorf, Arbeitsgruppe E2-Erneuerbare Energien und Energieeffizienz, presentation for SMEThermal 2014, Berlin, 18 February 2014. 122 Epp and Banse, op. cit. note 68; solrico, “World Map of Solar Thermal Industry 2014,” http://www.solrico.com/en/solar-market- research/world-map-2014.html, viewed 7 May 2015; Epp, personal communication, op. cit. note 90. 123 Companies that pulled out of the market in 2013–2014 included XNE Group and Arise New Energy (both China), Catch Solar (Norway), Kioto Clear Energy (Mexico), Bipin Engineers (India); joining were Energe (small systems for drying grain) and Enersol (glazed collectors for domestic heating) (both Argentina), Brassolar (Brazil), Sunex (Poland), Anitcam (Turkey), Elsol (Serbia), Solar Infra Systems (Canada), Sammler (Greece), and D&K Solar (Germany), from Epp and Banse, op. cit. note 68. 124 Jakob, “Solar Air-Conditioning in Europe,” op. cit. note 80, slide 18. 125 Jakob, personal communication, op. cit. note 80. 126 Jakob, “Solar Air-Conditioning in Europe,” op. cit. note 81. 127 Eva Augsten, “Germany: Additional Support for Small Solar Cooling Systems,” Solar Thermal World, 3 February 2014, http://solarthermalworld.org/content/ germany-additional-support-small-solar-cooling-systems. 128 Daniel Mugnier, TECSOL SA, personal communication with REN21, 11 April 2014. See, for example, Helioclim website, http:// en.helioclim.fr/. 129 U. Jakob, “Technologies and Perspectives of Solar Cooling Systems,” AHK Conference Sydney, Australia, 24 March 2014, http://www.docstoc.com/docs/169908741/DrJakob_Green_ Chiller_Assoc.pdf, cited in IEA-ETSAP and IRENA, op. cit. note 90, p. 12. 130 Moritz, Schubert, and Putz, op. cit. note 85, pp. 6–7, 33; Jakob, op. cit. note 81. 131 The first World Map of the Solar Process Heat Collector Industry includes 36 companies from 10 countries including 18 parabolic trough collector manufacturers, 4 Fresnel collector manufacturers, 1 evacuated flat plate collector manufacturer, 8 scheffler/ paraboloid dish collector manufacturers, and 4 receiver (tube) manufacturers, per Augsten, op. cit. note 88. Only a small portion (perhaps one-third) of manufacturers is also active in the CSP field, per Bärbel Epp, solrico, personal communication with REN21, 26 March 2014. 132 Solar parabolic dish leaders include Taylormade Solar Solutions Pvt. Ltd., Sharada Inventions Pvt. Ltd, Megawatt Solutions Pvt. Ltd., and Clique Developments Ltd. (all India); Trivelli Energia Sri (Italy), Solitem (Germany) and NEP Solar AG (Switzerland) are leaders for parabolic trough collectors; and Industrial Solar GmbH (Germany) and Chromasun (USA) are leaders for Linear Fresnels, from Augsten, op. cit. note 89, pp. 36–45. 133 Niche markets based on survey with manufacturers of process heat systems, from Augsten, op. cit. note 89, pp. 36–45; improving economics from IEA-ETSAP and IRENA, op. cit. note 90, p. 4. 134 Based on survey with manufacturers of process heat systems, from Augsten, op. cit. note 89, pp. 36–45, and from Mauthner, op. cit. note 1. 135 IEA-SHC, “Solar Rating & Certification,” http://task43.iea-shc.org/, viewed 14 March 2015. 136 Regions from Bärbel Epp, solrico, personal communication with REN21, February 2015. See also, Alejandro Diego Rosell, “COPANT: One Common Standard—Better than 31 Different Ones?” Solar Thermal World, 6 November 2013, http://www. solarthermalworld.org/content/copant-one-common-standard- better-31-different-ones; Bärbel Epp, “Arab Countries/Germany: Kick-off Meeting for ARSOL Certification Programme,” Solar Thermal World, 4 August 2012, http://www.solarthermalworld. org/content/arab-countries-germany-kick-meeting-arsol- certification-programme; Bärbel Epp, “Albania: UNDP/UNEP Regional Workshop Illustrates Showcases in the Region,” Solar Thermal World, 3 April 2013, http://www.solarthermalworld. org/content/albania-undpunep-regional-workshop-illustrates- showcases-region. Brazil from Vanessa Kriele, “Brazil: Mandatory Certification Postponed to September 2015,” Solar Thermal World, 18 February 2015, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/ brazil-mandatory-certification-postponed-september-2015. Test centres in India included the School of Energy Studies at Savitribai Phule Pune University, located in Maharashtra state, which set up India’s first vacuum tube testing centre in December 2014, per Jaideep Malaviya, “India: First Vacuum Tube Testing Centre Established,” Solar Thermal World, 2 December 2014, http://www. solarthermalworld.org/content/india-first-vacuum-tube-testing- centre-established; and the first test centre for concentrating solar process heat technologies, which opened in July 2014, per Jaideep Malaviya, “India: Portable Kit Allows Testing Bulky Concentrating Collectors Onsite,” Solar Thermal World, 20 August 2014, http:// www.solarthermalworld.org/content/india-portable-kit-allows- testing-bulky-concentrating-collectors-onsite. 137 Epp, personal communication, op. cit. note 90; Vanessa Kriele, “Brazil: Mandatory Certification Postponed to September 2015,” Solar Thermal World, 18 February 2015, http://www. solarthermalworld.org/content/brazil-mandatory-certification- postponed-september-2015; Bärbel Epp, “Brazil: Solar Thermal Market Diversifies in 2013,” Solar Thermal World, 25 July 2014, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/brazil-solar-thermal- market-diversifies-2013; Serkan Güngör, “Turkey: State Activities in Solar Thermal Market Difficult to Research,” Solar Thermal World, 2 January 2015, http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/ turkey-state-activities-solar-thermal-market-difficult-research. Brazil is working on a regional certification scheme to support trade and meet its ambitions to export its locally produced solar thermal systems throughout the region, from IEA-ETSAP and IRENA, op. cit. note 5, p. 18. 138 Standards Australia Limited, “Solar Heating and Cooling Systems—Calculation of Energy Consumption,” Sydney, 2013, http://infostore.saiglobal.com/store/details. aspx?ProductID=1636574; Ken Guthrie, IEA-SHC and Sustainable Energy Transformation Pty Ltd, Australia, personal communication with REN21, 1 March 2015. See also IEA-SHC, “2013 Highlights SHC Task 48 Quality Assurance and Support Measures for Solar Cooling,” February 2014, http://task48.iea-shc.org/data/sites/1/ publications/Task48-Highlights-2013.pdf. BACK

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