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GSR 2015

181 01 RENEWABLES 2015 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT wind, from Jesper Nørskov, “Wind Turbines Reached Record Level in 2014,” Energinet.com, 20 January 2015, http://www.energinet. dk/EN/El/Nyheder/Sider/Vindmoeller-slog-rekord-i-2014.aspx; in Nicaragua, wind power generated 833.7 TWh and total net generation in 2014 was 4,050.2 TWh, from Dirección de Estudios Económicos y Tarifas (Directorate of Economic Studies and Tariffs), Instituto Nacional de Energía, “Generación Neta Por Tipo De Empresa Sistema Eléctrico Nacional Año 2014 (MWh),” http:// www.ine.gob.ni/DGE/estadisticas/2014/GeneracionNeta_2014_ actAbr15.pdf, viewed 30 April 2015; Spain also had high shares of generation from the wind, from REE, The Spanish Electricity System: Preliminary Report: 2014 (Madrid: 23 December 2014), p. 9, http://www.ree.es/sites/default/files/downloadable/ preliminary_report_2014.pdf; solar PV in Italy, Greece, and Germany based on IEA-PVPS, Snapshot of Global PV Markets 2014 (Brussels: 2015), http://www.iea-pvps.org/index.php?id=trends0. 41 Rankings were determined by gathering data for the world’s top countries for hydropower, wind, solar PV, CSP, biomass, and geothermal power capacity. Data derived from the following sources: China: Wind power from Shi Pengfei, Chinese Wind Energy Association (CWEA), personal communication with REN21, 1 April 2015, from GWEC, op. cit. note 11, and from Zhao et al., op. cit. note 40; solar PV from China’s National Energy Board, cited in National Energy Administration (NEA), “2014 PV Statistics,” 9 March 2015, http://www.nea.gov.cn/2015-03/09/c_134049519. htm (using Google Translate); bio-power from Amanda Zhang, Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association, personal communication with REN21, April 2015; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. note 11; CSP from NREL, op. cit. note 11, and from “CSP Today Global Tracker,” op. cit. note 11; hydropower from China National Energy Administration, National Electric Power Industry Statistics, sourced from the National Energy Board, 16 January 2015, http:// www.nea.gov.cn/2015-01/16/c_133923477.htm. United States: Wind power from American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), “American Wind Power Rebounded in 2014, Adding Over Four Times as Much as Year Before,” press release (Washington, DC: 28 January 2015), http://www.awea.org/MediaCenter/pressrelease. aspx?ItemNumber=7181; solar PV from GTM Research and U.S. Solar Industries Association (SEIA), U.S. Solar Market Insight Report: 2014 Year in Review, Executive Summary, 2015, p. 3, https://www.greentechmedia.com/research/ussmi; bio-power from U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Office of Energy Projects Energy Infrastructure Update for December 2013, https://www.ferc.gov/legal/staff-reports/2013/dec-energy- infrastructure.pdf; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. note 11; CSP from NREL, op. cit. note 11; ocean energy from Ocean Renewable Power Company, “America’s First Ocean Energy Delivered to the Grid,” press release (Portland, ME: 13 September 2012), from Tidal Today, “Tidal Emerges as First US Grid Connected Ocean Energy Source,” 26 February 2013, at http://social.tidaltoday. com, and no additions in 2013 or 2014; hydropower from EIA, Electric Power Monthly, February 2015 (data for December 2014), Table 6.2.B “Net Summer Capacity of Utility Scale Units Using Primarily Renewable Energy Sources and by State,” http://www. eia.gov/electricity/monthly. Brazil: Wind power from GWEC, op. cit. note 12, and from WWEA, World Wind Energy Report 2014 (Bonn: forthcoming 2015); solar PV from IEA, Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report, op. cit. note 9, workbook with summary tables, Table 11, “Solar PV Capacity”, and little capacity added from Masson, op. cit. note 11; bio-power from ANEEL, “Banco de Informacoes de Geracao, Combustivel Biomassa,” http://www. aneel.gov.br/aplicacoes/capacidadebrasil/CombustivelPorClasse. cfm?Classe=Biomassa; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. note 11; hydropower from ANEEL, “Resumo Geral dos Novos Empreendimentos de Geração,” updated March 2015, http://www. aneel.gov.br/area.cfm?idArea=37; and from ANEEL, “Resumo Geral das Usinas,” updated March 2015, http://www.aneel.gov. br/arquivos/zip/Resumo_Geral_das_Usinas_março_2015. zip. Germany: Wind power from EWEA, op. cit. note 35; solar PV from Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi), Marktanalyse Photovoltaik-Dachlagen (Berlin: 2015), http:// www.erneuerbare-energien.de/EE/Redaktion/DE/Downloads/ bmwi_de/marktanalysen-photovoltaik-photovoltaik.pdf, and from BMWi, Entwicklung der Erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland im Jahr 2014 (Berlin: 2015) data from Arbeitsgruppe Erneuerbare Energien-Statistik (AGEE-Stat), as of February 2015, http:// www.erneuerbare-energien.de/EE/Redaktion/DE/Downloads/ entwicklung_der_erneuerbaren_energien_in_deutschland_ im_jahr_2014.pdf; bio-power from idem, p. 17; geothermal from German Geothermal Association (Bundesverband Geothermie), list of geothermal projects in Germany, http://www.geothermie.de/ fileadmin/useruploads/wissenswelt/Projekte/Projektliste_Tiefe_ Geothermie_2015_bundesland.pdf; CSP and ocean energy from BMWi, Entwicklung der Erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland im Jahr 2014, op. cit. this note, p. 19; hydropower from idem, p. 7. Canada: Wind power from GWEC, op. cit. note 11; solar PV from IEA-PVPS, op. cit. note 40; bio-power from IEA, Medium Term Renewable Energy Market Report, op. cit. note 10, workbook with summary tables, table 5, “Bioenergy Capacity”; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. note 11; no CSP capacity; ocean energy from Ocean Energy Systems, Annual Report 2014 (Lisbon: 2014), http://www. ocean-energy-systems.org/index.php; hydropower from IHA, op. cit. note 11; Statistics Canada, “Table 127-0009 Installed Generating Capacity, by Class of Electricity Producer,” http:// www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim. 42 China share based on data and references provided elsewhere in this section; 280 GW of hydropower from China National Energy Board, op. cit. note 41. 43 Rankings for top countries for non-hydropower capacity were based on data provided in Endnote 41, and from the following: Italy: Wind power from EWEA, op. cit. note 35; solar PV from IEA-PVPS, op. cit. note 40; bio-power based on data from Gestore dei Servizi Energetici - GSE S.p.A., provided by Noemi Magnanini, GSE, personal communication with REN21, 16 May 2014, and IEA, Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report 2014, op. cit. note 9, workbook with summary tables, table 5, “Bioenergy Capacity”; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. note 11; CSP from Luis Crespo, ESTELA, personal communication with REN21, February 2014, and no capacity added in 2014; and ocean energy from GSE S.p.A., op. cit. this note, and no capacity added in 2014. Spain: Wind power from EWEA, op. cit. note 35; solar PV from Masson, op. cit. note 11, and from IEA-PVPS, op. cit. note 40; bio-power from Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (CNMC) cited in REE, “Potencia Instalada Peninsular (MW),” as of 31 December 2014, updated March 2015, www.ree.es; geothermal from GEA, op. cit. note 11; CSP from NREL, op. cit. note 11, and from Jorge Alcauza, “How Spain Boosted CSP and Then Signed Its Death Warrant,” CSP World, 19 August 2014, http://www.csp-world.com/news/20140819/001366/how-spain- boosted-csp-then-signed-its-death-warrant; ocean energy from OES, Annual Report 2011 (Lisbon: 2011), Table 6.1, p. 122, http:// www.ocean-energy-systems.org/index.php, and no capacity added in intervening years. Japan: Wind power from GWEC, op. cit. note 11, and from WWEA, op. cit. note 41; solar PV from IEA-PVPS, op. cit. note 40; bio-power sourced from Japanese Ministry of Energy, Trade and Industry, “Announcement Regarding the Present Status of Introduction of Facilities Generating Renewable Energy as of December 31, 2014,” April 2015, and from Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies (ISEP), Renewables 2014 Japan Status Report (Tokyo: 2014), both provided by Hironao Matusbara, ISEP, personal communication with REN21, 14 May 2015 (Note that capacity of RPS certified plants is included); geothermal from GEA, op. cit. note 11; and no CSP or ocean energy capacity. India: Wind power from GWEC, op. cit. note 11, and WWEA, op. cit. note 41; solar PV from Bridge to India, May 2015, provided by Sinead Orlandi, Becquerel Institute, personal communication with REN21, 11 May 2015; bio-power from Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), “Physical Progress (Achievements),” as of 31 December 2014, http://mnre.gov.in/mission-and- vision-2/achievements/, viewed 21 January 2015; geothermal from idem; CSP from “Weekly Intelligence Brief: July 21–28,” CSP Today, 28 July 2014, http://social.csptoday.com/markets/ weekly-intelligence-brief-july-21-28, from NREL, “Concentrating Solar Power Projects: Megha Solar Plant,” updated 21 November 2014, http://www.nrel.gov/csp/solarpaces/project_detail.cfm/ projectID=264, and from NREL, “Concentrating Solar Power Projects: Dhursar,” updated 21 November 2014, http://www.nrel. gov/csp/solarpaces/project_detail.cfm/projectID=272. Figure 4 based on sources in this note and in Endnote 41. 44 Based on data and sources in previous endnotes in this section for Germany and Spain, population data for 2013 from World Bank, “World Development Indicators - Population, Total,” 2015, http:// data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL, viewed 15 May 2015, data gathered from various sources throughout this report for more than 50 countries, and from the following: Denmark based on wind power from GWEC, op. cit. note 11, p. 7, and on EWEA, op. cit. note 35; solar PV from IEA-PVPS, op. cit. note 40; bio-power from IEA, Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report 2014, op. cit. note 9, workbook with summary tables, table 5, “Bioenergy Capacity”; and no capacity of geothermal, CSP, or ocean energy. Sweden based on wind power from GWEC, op. cit. note 11, and from EWEA, op. cit. note 35; solar PV from IEA-PVPS, op. cit. note 40; BACK

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