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GSR 2015

226 ENDNOTES 04 POLICY LANDSCAPE 33 Mridul Chadha, “Over 26 GW of Wind, Solar Power Capacity Offered for Brazil’s Upcoming Auction,” Clean Technica, 12 August 2014, http://cleantechnica.com/2014/08/12/26-gw-wind- solar-power-capacity-offered-brazils-upcoming-auction/; GTM Research, PV News, June 2014. 34 The auction allocated 200 MW of new renewable energy capacity, from Mridul Chadha, “Jordan Awards 200 MW Capacity in Its First Renewable Energy Tender,” Clean Technica, 18 February 2015, http://cleantechnica.com/2015/02/18/jordan-awards-200-mw- capacity-first-renewable-energy-tender/; Get FiT Uganda, http:// www.getfit-uganda.org/. 35 Geothermal Energy Association, weekly newsletter, no. 14 (2015); Rebecca McKinsey, “Israeli Group Kicks Off $23m Energy Project in Rwanda,” Times of Israel, 19 February 2014, http://www.timesofisrael.com/ israeli-group-kicks-off-23m-energy-project-in-rwanda/. 36 Maged K. Mahnoud, “North Africa Wind Power Developments in 2014,” Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE), personal communication with REN21, April 2014. 37 Brazil from Power Commercialization Chamber (CCEE), “Resumo Vendedor,” 6 April 2014, http://www.ccee.org. br/ccee/documentos/CCEE_319836; Editors, “East Africa Pushes to Adopt Solar Energy,” Renewable Energy World, 10 June 2014, http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/ news/article/2014/06/east-africa-pushes-to-adopt-solar- energy?cmpid=WNL-Wednesday-June11-2014; Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), “The Latest on Australia’s Renewable Energy Target,” 14 March 2014, http://www.gwec.net/?p=10344. 38 “RES Act Passed by the Parliament,” Reo.pl, 16 January 2015, http://www.reo.pl/ustawa-o-oze-przyjeta-przez-sejm. 39 “France Opens Channel on Offshore,” reNEWS, 13 February 2015, http://renews.biz/84117/france-opens-channel-on-offshore/. 40 GWEC, Global Wind Report Annual Market Update 2014 (Brussels: April 2015). 41 Corey Kane, “Costa Rica Opens the Door to More Renewable Energy Generation,” Tico Times, 3 April 2014, http://www. ticotimes.net/2014/04/03/costa-rica-opens-the-door-to-more- renewable-energy-generation; Posse Herrera Ruiz, “New List of Tax Havens,” 9 October 2014, http://www.phrlegal.com/news/ news-and-articles/. 42 Anand Upadhyay, “Dubai Launches Rooftop Solar Program Without Any Size Limits,” Clean Technica, 17 March 2015, http://cleantechnica.com/2015/03/17/ dubai-launches-rooftop-solar-program-without-size-limits/. 43 Aldeth Lewin, “St. Thomas-St. John District Hits Cap for Solar and Wind Power,” Virgin Island Daily News, 16 September 2014, http:// virginislandsdailynews.com/news/st-thomas-st-john-district-hits- cap-for-solar-and-wind-power-1.1753781. 44 Ministry of Environment and Energy, “Net-Metering Program for Grid-Tied Renewable Energy Generation in Seychelles,” press release (Victoria: 13 January 2014). 45 Barbados Light and Power Company Ltd, “A Guide to Understanding Your Renewable Energy Rider (RER) Contract” (Bridgetown: 2014); Saint Vincent Electricity Services Ltd, Customer Guidelines: Renewable Energy Micro-Generator Connection to the Public Low Voltage Distribution Network (Kingstown: December 2013). 46 Hawaii has also established an RPS goal of 40% by 2030. 47 Anna Noucas, “Ohio’s Renewable Portfolio Standard Freeze: How Will It Affect Solar?” Renewable Energy World, 20 June 2014, http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/blog/post/2014/06/ ohio-becomes-the-first-state-to-freeze-its-renewable-portfolio- standard-1. 48 John Light, “Score One for ALEC: West Virginia Is First State to Repeal a Renewable Energy Standard,” Grist, 5 February 2015. 49 Ibid.; Cyrus Reed, “Fraser Seeking to Dismantle What He Helped Create: The Renewable Portfolio Standard,” Sierra Club, 13 March 2015, http://texas2.sierraclub.org/texas-green-report/ fraser-seeking-dismantle-what-he-helped-create-renewable- portfolio-standard; Jeff Stanfield, “New Mexico House Passes RPS Rollback Bill, But Senate Approval Unlikely,” SNL Financial, 16 March 2015, https://www.snl.com/Interactivex/article. aspx?CdId=A-31711749-12334. 50 Herrera Ruiz, op. cit. note 41. 51 BDO Mauritius, E-Budget Brief 2014, 8 November 2013, http:// www.bdo.mu/pdf/BDO-e-BudgetBrief2014.pdf; Mubarak Zeb Khan, “Pakistan Exempts Taxes on Import of Solar Panels,” Dawn, 9 December 2014, http://www.dawn.com/news/1149791. 52 Sammy Roth, “Congress Extends Wind Tax Credit, But Only for 2 Weeks,” The Desert Sun, 17 December 2014, http:// www.desertsun.com/story/tech/science/energy/2014/12/16/ congress-wind-tax-credit-extension/20509777/. 53 Christopher Minott, “California Encourages West-facing Solar Panels,” Renewable Energy World, 11 September 2014, http:// www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/blog/post/2014/09/ california-encouraging-west-facing-solar-panels. 54 UNIAN Information Agency, “Ukraine: European Integration and Renewable Energy. Challenges and Prospects,” 16 October 2014, http://press.unian.net/video/2973-ukraina-evropeyskaya- integratsiya-i-vozobnovlyaemaya-energetika-vyizovyi-i- perspektivyi.html. 55 Robert Walton, “Florida Regulators Slash Efficiency Targets, End Solar Rebates,” Utility Drive, 30 November 2014, http://www. utilitydive.com/news/florida-regulators-slash-efficiency-targets- end-solar-rebates/338186/. 56 “Update – Bulgaria’s Top Court Revokes 20 Pct Charge on Solar, Wind Firms,” Reuters, 31 July 2014, http://af.reuters.com/article/ commoditiesNews/idAFL6N0Q64NL20140731. 57 Surcharge set at USD 0.053/kWh (EUR 0.044/kWh), per Stefan Nicola and Marc Roca, “Germany First in Europe to Tax Consumer Use of Clean Energy,” Renewable Energy World, 28 January 2014, http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/ article/2014/01/germany-first-in-europe-to-tax-consumer-use-of- clean-energy; Meza, op. cit. note 30. 58 NC Clean Energy Technology Center and Meister Consultants Group, “Standby & Fixed Cost Charges and Net Energy Metering Debates: August 2014,” http://solaroutreach.org/wp-content/ uploads/2014/08/State-Status-of-NEM-Standby-+-Fixed-Cost- Charge-Debates_FINAL.pdf. 59 Glenn Meyers, “Taiwan & China Must Pay North American Solar Duties,” Clean Technica, 12 March 2015, http://cleantechnica.com/2015/03/12/ taiwan-china-must-pay-north-american-solar-duties/. 60 GTM Research, PV News, July 2014. 61 GTM Research, PV News, June 2014; Justin Doom, “Canada Imposes Tariff on Imported Chinese Solar Equipment,” Renewable Energy World, 9 March 2015, http://www. renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2015/03/ canada-imposes-tariff-on-imported-chinese-solar-equipment. 62 Bridge to India, “USTDA to Invest USD 2 Billion in India for Renewable Energy Projects,” http://www.bridgetoindia.com/ blog/ustda-to-invest-usd-2-billion-in-india-for-renewable-energy- projects/. 63 White House, “Fact Sheet: U.S.-China Joint Announcement on Climate Change and Clean Energy Cooperation” (Washington, DC: 11 November 2014), https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press- office/2014/11/11/fact-sheet-us-china-joint-announcement- climate-change-and-clean-energy-c. 64 David Appleyard, “UK Cuts Red Tape for Commercial Rooftop Solar,” Renewable Energy World, 27 March 2015, http:// www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2015/03/ uk-cuts-red-tape-for-commercial-rooftop-solar. 65 Eric Wesoff, “New California Law Cuts Solar-Permitting Red Tape,” GreenTech Media, 23 September 2014, http://www. greentechmedia.com/articles/read/New-California-Law-Cuts-the- Red-Tape-and-Costs-of-Solar-Permitting. 66 EY, “Kenya Amends Value-added Tax Act,” 10 June 2014, http://www.ey.com/GL/en/Services/Tax/International-Tax/Alert-- Kenya-amends-Value-added-Tax-Act; Jason Deign, “Japan Plans to Pump $700 Million Into Energy Storage,” Greentech Media, 20 January 2015, http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/ japan-pumps-cash-into-energy-storage. 67 Mubarak Zeb Khan, “Pakistan Exempts Taxes on Import of Solar Panels,” Dawn, 9 December 2014, http://www.dawn.com/news/1149791. 68 Karen Henry, “Energy-Storage Gets Big Win in California,” Energy Manager Today, 23 December 2014, http://www.energymanagertoday.com/ energy-storage-gets-big-win-california-0107703/. 69 GTM Research, PV News, June 2014. 70 Katherine Tweed, “Massachusetts Awards $18M for Microgrids, BACK

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