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GSR 2015

193 02 RENEWABLES 2015 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT HYDROPOWER 1 Global capacity estimate from International Hydropower Association (IHA) Hydropower Database, from IHA, personal communication with REN21, May 2015. Additions in 2014 are lower than IHA value of 39 GW published in May 2015 to reflect lower actual capacity additions in Malaysia of 0.8 GW compared to 3.3 GW with much of the difference installed in prior years. 2 Country data from the following sources: China: China Electricity Council, an overview of China’s power industry in 2014, 10 March 2015, http://www.cec.org.cn/yaowenkuaidi/2015-03-10/134972. html; Brazil: 3,315 MW (138 MW small hydro and 3,177 MW large hydro) added in 2014, per National Agency for Electrical Energy (ANEEL), “Resumo Geral dos Novos Empreendimentos de Geração,” updated March 2015, http://www.aneel.gov.br/area.cfm?idArea=37, and “Resumo Geral das Usinas,” updated March 2015, http://www. aneel.gov.br/arquivos/zip/Resumo_Geral_das_Usinas_março_2015. zip; large hydro capacity is listed as 84,095 MW at end-2014, small (1–30 MW) hydro at 4,790 MW, and very small (<1 MW) hydro at 308 MW, for a total of 89,193 MW; generation from National Electrical System Operator of Brazil (ONS), “Geração de Energia,” http://www. ons.org.br/historico/geracao_energia.aspx; United States: capacity from U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Electric Power Monthly, March 2015, Table 6.2.B, http://www.eia.gov/electricity/ monthly; generation from idem, Table 1.1; Canada: IHA, op. cit. note 1; Statistics Canada, “Table 127-0009 Installed Generating Capacity, by Class of Electricity Producer,” http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim; generation from idem, “Table 127-0002 Electric Power Generation, by Class of Electricity Producer”; Russia: capacity and generation from System Operator of the Unified Energy System of Russia, Report on the Unified Energy System in 2014 (Moscow: undated), http:// www.so-ups.ru/fileadmin/files/company/reports/disclosure/2015/ ups_rep2014.pdf; India: installed capacity in 2014 (units larger than 25 MW) of 40,867.43 MW from Government of India, Ministry of Power, Central Electricity Authority, “Installed Capacity as of 31 December 2014,” http://www.cea.nic.in/installed_capacity.html, and from idem, “List of H.E. Stations in the Country with Station Capacity Above 25 MW,” http://www.cea.nic.in/reports/hydro/list_ he__stations.pdf; capacity additions in 2014 (>25 MW) of 992.02 MW from idem, “Executive Summary of the Power Sector (monthly),” http://www.cea.nic.in/exesum_cood.html; installed capacity in 2014 (<25 MW) of 3,990.83 MW from Government of India, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), “Physical Progress (Achievements),” http://www.mnre.gov.in/mission-and-vision-2/achievements/, viewed 18 January 2014 and 21 January 2015; capacity additions in 2014 (<25 MW) of 228 MW based on difference of year-end 2014 figure (above) and year-end 2013 figure (3,763.15 MW) from MNRE, idem; generation for plants larger than 25 MW from Government of India, Central Electricity Authority, “Executive Summary of the Power Sector (monthly),” http://www.cea.nic.in/monthly_gen.html, and output from hydropower plants smaller than 25 MW estimated, based on capacity from MNRE, op. cit. this note, and on average capacity factor for large hydropower facilities in India. Figure 14 based on capacity and generation sources provided in this note. 3 Estimate based on 2013 hydropower output of 3,782 TWh from BP, Statistical Review of World Energy 2014 (London: June 2014), as well as observed average year-on-year change in output (+3.77%) for top producing countries (China, Brazil, Canada, the United States, the EU-28, Russia, India, Norway, and Turkey), which together accounted for 75% of global hydropower output in 2013. 4 In addition to government sources noted elsewhere, global and national capacity values based on input from IHA Hydropower Database, op. cit. note 1; and from Hydro Equipment Association (HEA), data derived from its members’ aggregated input, from HEA, personal communication with REN21, May 2015. 5 China, Brazil, Canada, India, and Russia from sources provided in Endnote 2; Turkey from Enerji Atlasi, “Elektrik Kurulu Gücü 2014'te %8,61 Arttı,” 12 January 2015, http://www.enerjiatlasi.com/haber/ elektrik-kurulu-gucu-2014-te-8-61-artti. Figure 15 based on capacity sources provided in this endnote and in Endnote 2. 6 National Energy Administration of China, National Electric Power Industry Statistics, sourced from the National Energy Board, 16 January 2015, http://www.nea.gov.cn/2015-01/16/c_133923477. htm. 7 China Electricity Council, op. cit. note 2. 8 “China’s Second-largest Hydropower Station in Full Operation,” Xinhua, 2 July 2014, http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014- 07/02/c_133453148.htm. 9 China Three Gorges Corporation, “Ten World Records of the Xiangjiaba Project,” 22 September 2014, http://www.ctgpc.com/ news/news1.php?NewsId=87961. 10 Alstom, “Xiang Jia Ba – Francis Hydro Power Plant,” http://www. alstom.com/Global/Power/Resources/Documents/Brochures/xiang- jia-ba-china-francis-hydro-electric-plant.pdf. 11 China Huaneng Group, “Huaneng Nuozhadu Hydropower Station— China’s Fourth Largest Hydropower Station Put Into Operation,” press release (Beijing: 27 June 2014), http://www.chng.com.cn/eng/ n75863/n75941/c1210240/content.html. 12 China Electricity Council, op. cit. note 2. This figure may include investment in pumped storage. 13 ANEEL, op. cit. note 2, both references. 14 Output in 2014 from Ibid, both references. Gregory B. Poindexter, “Brazil’s Drought Brings Water Supply to Near Zero Capacity at Hydroelectric Facilities,” Hydro World, 28 January 2015, http://www. hydroworld.com/articles/2015/01/brazil-s-drought-brings-water- supply-to-near-zero-capacity-at-hydroelectric-facilities.html. 15 ONS, op. cit. note 2. 16 GDF Suez, “2014 Annual Results: All Financial Targets Achieved,” press release (Paris: 26 February 2015), http://www.gdfsuez.com/en/ journalists/press-releases/2014-annual-results. 17 Michael Harris, “SantoAntonio, Jirau Hydroelectric Plants Under Fire as Madeira River Floods,” Hydro World, 12 March 2014, http:// www.hydroworld.com/articles/2014/03/santo-antonio-jirau- hydroelectric-plants-under-fire-as-madeira-river-floods.html; Franz Chavéz, “Brazilian Dams Accused of Aggravating Floods in Bolivia,” Inter Press Service, 4 April 2014, http://www.ipsnews.net/2014/04/ brazilian-dams-accused-aggravating-floods-bolivia. IHA, personal communication with REN21, May 2015. 18 Elizabeth Ingram, “820-MW Sogamoso Hydro Project Begins Operating in Colombia,” Hydro World, 21 January 2015, http:// www.hydroworld.com/articles/2015/01/820-mw-sogamoso- hydro-project-begins-operating-in-colombia.html; Chris Sleigh, “Salini Impregilo Completes Sogamoso Hydro Plant,” International Construction, 19 January 2015, http://www.khl. com/magazines/international-construction/detail/item104339/ Salini-Impregilo-completes-Sogamoso-hydro-plant. 19 Annual generation data from EIA, Table 1.1, op. cit. note 2 20 EIA, Table 6.2.B, op. cit. note 2. 21 IHA, op. cit. note 1; Statistics Canada, “Table 127-0009,” op. cit. note 2. 22 Ibid., both references. 23 Ontario Power Generation, “Update on OPG’s Lower Mattagami Project – Jan. 19, 2015,” 19 January 2015, http://www.opg. com/generating-power/hydro/projects/lower-mattagami/Pages/ project-news.aspx; Gregory B. Poindexter, “Canada’s US$2.2 Billion Lower Mattagami Hydroelectric Project Provides Power and Empowerment,” Hydro World, 21 January 2015, http:// www.hydroworld.com/articles/2015/01/canada-s-us-2-2-billion- lower-mattagami-hydroelectric-project-provides-power-and- empowerment.html. 24 AltaGas, “AltaGas Ltd. Delivers COD Certificate for Its 195 MW Forrest Kerr Hydroelectric facility,” press release (Calgary, AB, Canada: 21 October 2014), http://altagas.mwnewsroom.com/press- releases/altagas-ltd-delivers-cod-certificate-for-its-195-mw-forrest- kerr-hydroelectric-f-tsx-ala-201410210974144001. 25 Pierre Lundahl, Canadian Hydropower Association, personal communication with REN21, April 2015. 26 Enerji Atlasi, op. cit. note 5; generation in 2013 of 59.2 TWh and curtailment of hydropower on account of drought in recent years from Turkish Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, “Hidrolik,” http:// www.enerji.gov.tr/tr-TR/Sayfalar/Hidrolik. 27 Installed capacity in 2014 (units larger than 25 MW) of 40,867.43 MW from Government of India, Central Electricity Authority, “Installed Capacity…” and “List of H.E. Stations…,” op. cit. note 2, both references; capacity additions in 2014 (>25 MW) of 992.02 MW from idem, “Executive Summary…,” op. cit. note 2; installed capacity in 2014 (<25 MW) of 3,990.83 MW from Government of India, MNRE, op. cit. note 2; capacity additions in 2014 (<25 MW) of 228 MW based on difference of year-end 2014 figure (above) and year-end 2013 figure (3,763.15 MW) from MNRE, idem; generation for plants larger than 25 MW from Government of India, Central Electricity Authority, “Executive Summary…,” op. cit. note 2, and output from hydropower plants smaller than 25 MW estimated, based on capacity from MNRE, op. cit. note 2, and on average capacity factor for large hydropower facilities in India. 28 Alstom, “Alstom Successfully Commissions Uri II Hydroelectric Project in India,” press release (Levallois-Perret, France: 27 May BACK

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