Decarbonising Transport and Boosting Renewables

In 2021, the City of Belgrade announced its climate action plan, earmarking EUR 5.2 billion (USD 5.8 billion) through 2030 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in an effort to combat climate change and improve local air quality. This strategy is part of efforts to reduce growing climate risks, such as extreme heat, heavy precipitation and drought.

The Green City Action Plan, focusing on broader environmental benefits, lays out interdisciplinary approaches for a more sustainable Belgrade. To improve air and water quality, the city plans to extend its train and tram lines, bringing estimated savings of 684,861 tonnes of CO2 annually. Most of the remaining EUR 1.2 billion (USD 1.3 billion) budget for transport will go towards electrifying 20% of private vehicles, 40% of buses, and 80% of taxis and commercial vehicles, in addition to switching all city-owned vehicles to electric by 2030. To reduce the city's car dependence, Belgrade plans to expand bike lanes and walkways while minimising sprawl.

The plan gives considerable attention to renewables and energy efficiency. Around EUR 3 billion (USD 3.4 billion) of the overall blueprint goes to retrofitting buildings, improving heating networks and integrating renewables into the natural gas distribution network, among others. To wean the city off natural gas and petroleum, Belgrade plans to advance local renewable generation. Several sites have been identified to install a total of 111 MW of wind energy, in addition to a waste incinerator producing 30.2 MW of electricity and 56.5 MW of heat, and a landfill gas plant generating 3.1 MW of electricity and 1.8 MW of heat. Public-private partnership models will finance most of the projects, with private investments expected to comprise 36% of the total.

Source: See endnote 112 in chapter 07.

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