Tsévié, a small town 35 kilometres north of Togo’s capital Lomé, had a population of around 103,000 in 2017, growing at a rate of 2.8% annually. The town has minimal industrial activity, and its economy is built largely on agricultural activities centred on crop production and livestock farming, generating a low annual economic output of USD 519 per capita.
Togo’s electricity infrastructure development plan, as outlined in the national Electricity Sub-Sector Strategic Plan of 2010, is based on a least-cost electricity supply and demand balance, taking into account security of supply and the environment. This led to the development of the Togo National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (PANEE) and the Togo National Renewable Energy Action Plan (PANER), which respectively define the country’s objectives for energy efficiency and renewable energy deployment by 2030. The national objective for renewables is to increase the share of solar PV in total final energy consumption to 10% in 2030, including both on- and off-grid PV.
To boost local energy access and development, Tsévié implemented a
three-year municipal energy programme.
Due to Tsévié’s low levels of industrialisation and electricity access (estimated at 24% in 2017), traditional biomass in the form of wood and charcoal is the single most important fuel in the peri-urban settlement. Traditional biomass accounts for 64% of total final energy consumption and is used to meet household cooking and water heating needs. The residential sector is responsible for 73% of total final energy consumption, followed by the transport sector (25%) and the town’s few commercial facilities (2%). Because of the low levels of electrification, the town’s street network is largely unilluminated, limiting potential economic activity in the evenings.
To boost local energy access and development, Tsévié implemented a three-year municipal energy programme (2017-2020) under the Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the goal of developing a community-wide energy and climate action plan (the Plan d’Action en faveur d’un Accès à l’Energie Durable et du Climat (PAAEDC) de la commune de Tsévié). Under this flagship programme, the municipality aims to achieve its sustainability ambitions in four strategic areas: 1) sustainable biomass use, 2) deployment of distributed rooftop solar PV, 3) increased adoption of electric motorcycles and 4) a modal shift to public transport.
Under the PAAEDC framework and with funding from the European Union, Tsévié led a series of pilot projects in 2018-2020 to boost energy access and development and increase the share of renewables in energy consumption. To improve access to clean cooking facilities, the municipality distributed 8,200 improved and efficient cook stoves in the town and its environs as a means to limit the prolific household use of traditional biomass for cooking and water heating (and thus improve indoor air quality and human well-being). The city also sought to bridge the electricity access gap and to improve lighting solutions by installing 75 solar street lamps for public lighting, distributing 95 solar home systems to the most vulnerable households and installing five community solar kits in schools.
Source: See endnote 88 through 100 in the Feature: Renewable Energy in Sub-Saharan African Cities chapter.