Recife, an Atlantic seaport in north-eastern Brazil, is the first city in the country to formally declare a climate emergency. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Recife is the 16th most vulnerable city in the world to climate change. Drastic changes in the local weather have motivated the local government to make commitments towards a low-carbon future. In 2019, in response to its climate emergency declaration, Recife committed under the City Climate Action Plan to becoming carbon neutral by 2050. The local government also aims to achieve 100% renewable energy in city-wide operations by 2037.
In 2013, Recife created two municipal fora, Comclima and Geclima, to formulate climate change and sustainability policies. As a part of the Urban LEDS project, the city also has developed measures to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. Under the Urban LEDS network, Recife was selected to receive support from the climate finance laboratory to install a pilot 17 kW-peak solar PV system at the Women’s Hospital of Recife (HMR), which is expected to be operational by 2021. In addition, Recife City has approached a local energy company, Companhia Energética de Pernambuco (CELPE), to finance an initial investment of EUR 200,000 (around USD 225,000) to help define model financing for energy efficiency measures, distributed generation and replicability of actions in other buildings in the municipality.
To assist the city’s sustainable development efforts, the Energy Efficiency Program (PEE) – promoted by CELPE in the regulations of the National Electrical Energy Agency (ANEEL) – provides 0.4% of the net operating revenue of local energy companies to fund research and development projects and the implementation of energy efficiency and renewable energy measures in the city. To promote greater citizen participation, CELPE holds public hearings where it presents the plans and results of renewables and efficiency projects in the region. Through public calls, it seeks partners to promote the development of new technologies, transform energy efficiency markets and create rational habits and practices for the use of electricity.
Source: See endnote 139 in the Citizen Participation chapter.