A s the capital of Indonesia, Jakarta is taking effective action to reach its goal of reducing the city’s greenhouse gas emissions 30% by 2030, a target set in 2012. The local action plan serves as a means to help achieve Indonesia’s national emission reduction target of 29% by 2030, with a focus on renewable energy. Jakarta also committed in 2016 to reducing its water and energy consumption 30% and to achieving 30% renewables in its energy mix by 2030. To meet this latter target, the municipal government plans to increase its solar panel capacity by 600 kW-peak per year and to develop waste-to-energy plants.

In Jakarta, citizens have actively helped

shape the city’s climate action plan.

The local government also is actively engaging citizens and stakeholders in the formulation of the Ikhtiar Jakarta (“city promise”) initiative, which outlines Jakarta’s commitments in the areas of energy, green buildings, transport, clean water, waste and disaster management. Six public consultations with a total of 300 attendees were conducted in 2018-19 to promote sustainable lifestyles and support the initiative. Jakarta also is developing a Regional Energy Plan (RUED-P), which contributes to achieving the targets set in the National Energy General Plan (RUEN) and the National Energy Policy (KEN).


In 2019, Jakarta implemented Governor Instruction No. 66, which mandates the city’s Transmigration, Manpower and Energy Agency to install rooftop solar on large public buildings, including all schools, sport facilities, hospitals and government buildings during 2019-22. In 2019, a total solar capacity of 2,060 kW-peak was installed on 98 schools, bringing the combined rooftop solar capacity on schools and government buildings to 2,675 kW-peak and showcasing the great potential to minimise local carbon footprints.

Source: See endnote 100 in the Citizen Participation chapter.