Towards Decarbonising Transport
CO2 emissions from transport are still rising. If immediate action is not taken, more radical measures will be unavoidable in the future. This is the top line conclusion from the newly released joint report by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), REN21 and the Berlin-based think-tank Agora Verkehrswende.
The transport sector is responsible for roughly one quarter of emissions from the burning of fossil fuels, with road traffic being the largest culprit. Transport emissions in the G20 make up more than two-thirds of the global total, and G20 emission levels continue to grow (though not as quickly as the rest of the world). For this reason, the G20 nations must take the lead when it comes to breaking old habits.
Renewable Energy Policies in a Time of Transition
In the past decade the world has seen an unexpectedly fast progress in the renewable energy field with improved technologies and decreased prices. Such an advancement comes with challenges in the policy landscape.
For the first time IEA, IRENA and REN21 have joined forces to produce Renewable Energy Policies in a Time of Transition. The publication looks at the power, heating and cooling and transport sectors to provide policy makers with a better understanding of the broad range of policy options for an increased renewable energy deployment.
Inside you will find an updated policy classification, facilitating the tracking of renewable energy policies and its developments. The publication also highlights the importance of system integration and sector coupling, looking well beyond the energy policy sector alone, in order to achieve a global energy transition.
Renewable Energy Tenders and Community [Em]power[ment]: Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)
Renewable Energy Tenders and Community [Em]power[ment]: Latin America and the Caribbean, looks at the interface between the tendering process and the role that communities can play in renewable energy uptake in the Latin American and the Caribbean region.
Tenders have been a particularly popular mechanism in Latin America and the Caribbean in attracting record-setting participation. However an unintended consequence has been the de facto exclusion of a range of actors; including small business, communities, indigenous people, local government, property developers and farmers.
This report looks at various tender processes and community renewable energy projects across the LAC region and proposes a mechanism that could be used to encourage community involvement in renewable energy tendering process.
THE FIRST DECADE: 2004 -2014
The First Decade: 2004-2014 documents the evolution of renewables since 2004 measuring progress by technology and by region, ending with a look at lessons learnt and offering a vision for the future.
Since 2004, the number of countries promoting renewable energy with direct policy support has nearly tripled, from 48 to over 140, and an ever-increasing number of developing and emerging countries are setting renewable energy targets and enacting support policies. The reports documents the steady increase in the global demand for renewable energy over the past decade, looking at each technology in turn and showing its evolution annually. Global investment is also tracked as well as the evolution of renewable technology uptake, market and policy development by region.
The report notes that as solar, wind, biomass, and other energy sources gain market share, the levelised cost of energy (LCOE) is becoming an important metric in the decision-making process for building new power generation. Strong policy signals from governments are also needed to ensure that renewables are a central component of national energy supply chains. Scenarios illustrating that by 2050, 65 to 94% of electricity and 30 to 72% of transport are likely to be met by renewables are also presented as possible future developments.
Mini-grid Policy Toolkit
The Mini-grid Policy Toolkit is for policy makers to navigate the mini-grid policy design process. It contains information on mini-grid operator models, the economics of mini-grids, and necessary policy and regulation that must be considered for successful implementation. The publication specifically focuses on Africa.
Progress on extending the electricity grid in many countries has remained slow because of high costs of gird-extension and limited utility/state budgets for electrification. Mini-grids provide an affordable and cost-effective option to extend needed electricity services. Putting in place the right policy for min-grid deployment requires considerable effort but can yield significant improvement in electricity access rates as examples from Kenya, Senegal and Tanzania illustrate.
True Cost of Electric Power
The year began with a wave of activity, REN21 co-organised the Abu Dhabi International Renewable Energy Conference together with the government of the United Arab Emirates. This first Middle Eastern IREC was timely as the MENA region is poised to be a renewable energy champion as documented in REN21’s MENA Renewables Status Report. January also the launch of a new publication, the Renewables Globals Futures Report. This provided valuable insights into the current opinions on the future of renewable energy.
REN21 continued its close collaboration with key players such as the IEA, UNEP, World Bank and IRENA, leading to joint events and products and a underlying organisational complementarities. The REN21 Global Status Report showcased an impressive increase in global capacity across all renewable energy sectors, with supporting policies spreading to nearly 140 countries. Investment in renewables also increased substantially.
Global Status Report on Local Renewable Energy Policies
City and local governments can play a key role in encouraging renewable energy at the local level. The multiple roles of these local governments–as decision-makers, planning authorities, managers of municipal infrastructure, and role models for citizens and businesses–are crucial to the global transition to renewable energy now underway. It is their political mandate that makes local governments ideal drivers of change–to govern and guide their communities, provide services, and manage municipal assets.
The Global Status Report on Local Renewable Energy Policies takes a closer look on how local governments can also play a key role as facilitators of change, particularly in terms of raising awareness and facilitating community and business actions by a range of stakeholders.
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