From 1 to 4 June 2004, Germany hosted the International Conference for Renewable Energies Bonn 2004, as announced by Chancellor Gerhard Schröder at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in September 2002 in Johannesburg.
In Paragraph 9 of their Political Declaration, the participants agreed to work within a ‘global policy network’ together with representatives from parliaments, local and regional authorities, academia, the private sector, international institutions, international industry associations, consumers, civil society, women’s groups, and relevant partnerships worldwide. This informal network should take into account the work already being undertaken by existing partnerships and should promote a comprehensive and open exchange of diverse perspectives, lessons, and experiences in the development and application of renewable energies”.
Thus, the formation of REN21 as a global policy network is one important outcome of this first international conference on the subject of renewable energies.
Renewables 2004 charted the way towards an expansion of renewable energies worldwide, responding to the call of the Johannesburg summit for the global development of renewable energy. It also kept up the momentum generated by the coalition of like-minded countries for promotion of renewable energies (known as the Johannesburg Renewable Energy Coalition, JREC).
Co-chairs Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul and Jürgen Trittin
congratulate each other at the closing of renewables2004.
Among the 3,600 participants were official governmental delegations including energy, environmental and development ministers, representatives of the United Nations and other international and non-governmental organisations, civil society and the private sector.
Conference convener was the government of the Federal Republic of Germany, represented by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).
Renewables 2004 addressed these central issues: How can the proportion of renewable energies used in industrialised and developing countries be substantially increased, and how can their advantages and potential be better used?
The conference concentrated in particular on the following themes:
- Formation of enabling political framework conditions allowing the market development of renewable energies
- Increase in private and public financing in order to secure reliable demand for renewable energies
- Human and institutional capacity building, and coordination and intensification of research and development.
Thematic Background Papers (TBP):
- The Case for Renewable Energies José Goldemberg
- Setting Targets for Renewable Energy Joergen Henningsen
- National Policy Instruments – Policy Lessons for the Advancement & Diffusion of Renewable Energy Technologies Around the World Janet Sawin
- Removing Subsidies – Levelling the Playing Field for Renewable Energy Technologies Jonathan Pershing; Jim Mackenzie
- Mobilising Finance for Renewable Energies Virginia Sonntag O’Brien; Eric Usher
- Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation – New Instruments for Financing Renewable Energy Technologies Axel Michaelowa; Matthias Krey; Sonja Butzengeiger
- Research and Development – The Basis for wide-spread Employment of Renewable Energies Joachim Luther
- Capacity Development, Education and Training – Know-how is the basic Need John Christensen
- International Institutional Arrangements Bundling the Forces – but how? Achim Steiner; Thomas Wälde; Adrian Bradbrook
- The Potentials of Renewable Energy Thomas B. Johansson; Kes McCormick; Lena Neij; Wim Turkenburg
- Traditional Biomass Energy – Improving its Use and Moving to Modern Energy Use Stephen Karekezi; Kusum Lata; Suani Teixeira Coelho
- Gender Equity and Renewable Energies Joy Clancy; Sheila Oparaocha; Ulrike Roehr