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ECOWAS Status Report

| 72 Republic of Liberia, Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy, Rural and Renewable Energy Agency, Liberia Investment Plan for Renewable Energy (Washington, DC: Climate Investment Funds, Scaling Up Renewable Energy Program, October 2013), https://www. climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif/sites/climateinvestmentfunds.org/files/ SREP_SC.10_4_Investment_plan_for_Liberia_.pdf. ECREEE, Baseline Report on Small-Scale Hydro Power in the ECOWAS Region (Praia, Cabo Verde: 2012), p. 60. Kate da Costa, “Ghana’s Energy Crisis Bites Harder, to Persist till 2013”, Daily Trust, 3 October 2012, http://allafrica.com/ stories/201210030698.html, viewed 27 May 2014; “Ghana power firm begins load shedding Wednesday”, StarAfrica, 19 March 2014, http:// en.starafrica.com/news/ghana-power-firm-begins-load-shedding- wednesday.html, viewed 27 May 2014. EIA, Nigeria, Country Analysis Brief, 30 December 2013, http://www.eia. gov/countries/analysisbriefs/Nigeria/nigeria.pdf, viewed 25 July 2014. Republic of Ghana, op. cit. note 44. Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, op. cit. note 24. World Health Organization (WHO), “Household air pollution and health,” http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs292/en/, viewed 26 June 2014. World Health Organization (WHO), Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks (Geneva: 2009). Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, op. cit. note 32. Figure 7 from Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, op. cit. note 32. WHO, op. cit. note 44; E. Mills, Health Impacts of Fuel-based Lighting (Berkeley, CA: The Lumina Project, 2012). B.C. Dean, op. cit. note 21. EIA, op. cit. note 49. T.A. Boden, G. Marland, and R.J. Andres, Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (Oak Ridge, TN: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, 2013). Jane Ebinger and Walter Vergara, “Chapter 1: Overview,” in Climate Impacts on Energy Systems: Key Issues for Energy Sector Adaptation (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2011). Climate & Development Knowledge Network, The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report: What’s in it for Africa?, Executive Summary (London: 2014). B. Hamududu and A. Killingtveit, “Assessing Climate Change Impacts on Global Hydropower,” Energies, February 2012, pp. 305–22. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, Working Group II Contribution to the IPCC 5th Assessment Report (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2014). West African Power Pool (WAPP), “West African Power Pool”, http:// www.ecowapp.org/?page_id=6, viewed 22 April 2014. ECREEE, op. cit. note 2, p. 29. ECOWAS, ECOWAS Energy Protocol (Dakar, Senegal: January 2003). West African Gas Pipeline Company, http://www.wagpco.com/, viewed 28 May 2014. ECOWAS Regional Electricity Regulatory Authority (ERERA), “About ERERA”, http://www.erera.arrec.org/About-us.aspx, viewed 28 May 2014. ECREEE, “ECOWAS Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Facility (EREF)”, http://www.ecowrex.org/reee_initiative/ecowas-renewable- energy-and-energy-efficiency-facility-eref, viewed 28 March 2014. ECOWAS Observatory for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, “About ECOWREX”, www.ecowrex.org/page/about, viewed 28 May 2014. ECREEE, “ECOWAS Renewable Energy Policy (EREP),” http://www.ecreee. org/page/ecowas-renewable-energy-policy-erep, viewed 21 April 2014. 02 | RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET AND INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Table 3 from SE4ALL, Global Tracking Framework (Washington, D.C.: 2013). Ibid. Ibid. Table 4 from Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, “Data and Statistics,” http://www.cleancookstoves.org/resources/data-and-statistics/, viewed 2 May 2014. SE4ALL, op. cit. note 2, p. 38. Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, op. cit. note 4. Ronald Twesigye and Christiaan Vrolijk, “African Improved Cooking Stoves Grouped Project” (Geneva: Verified Carbon Standard: March 2013). Figure 9 from Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, op. cit. note 4. SE4ALL, op. cit. note 2, p. 36. Global Subsidies Initiative, Strategies for Reforming Fossil-Fuel Subsidies: Practical lessons from Ghana, France and Senegal (Winnipeg, Canada: International Institute for Sustainable Development, April 2010). Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, op. cit. note 4. B.C. Dean, Baseline Survey: Household Domestic Energy Use in the Gambia (Banjul: The Renewable Energy Association of the Gambia, March 2013). SE4ALL, op. cit. note 2, p. 80. International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), The Gambia: Renewables Readiness Assessment 2013 (Abu Dhabi: 2013); IRENA, Niger Renewables Readiness Assessment 2013 (Abu Dhabi: 2013). ECREEE, ECOWAS Renewable Energy Policy (EREP) (Praia, Cabo Verde: 2012). Figure is calculated from all data used in Figure 9; see Endnote 18. Ibid. Table 5 from the following sources: Africa-EU Energy Partnership (AEEP) Database; ECREEE, op. cit. note 15; ECREEE, ECOWAS Observatory for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, “Power Plants,” http:// www.ecowrex.org/resources/energy_generators, viewed 28 July 2014; Baseline Report on Small-Scale Hydro Power in the ECOWAS Region (Praia, Cabo Verde: 2012); ECREEE, Baseline Report for the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Policy (Praia, Cabo Verde: 2012); Antonio Baptista, Cabo Verde Ministry of Tourism, Industry and Energy, personal communication with REN21, June 2014; David Achi, AD Solar, personal communication with REN21, March 2014; Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, Evaluation Rapide et Analyse des Gaps de la Côte d’Ivoire (Bio de Janeiro : SE4ALL, June 2012 ; Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, Ministère des Mines, du Pétrole et de l’énergie, Plan Stratégique de Développement 2011-2030 de la République de Côte d’Ivoire (Yamoussoukro: 2011); Moudou Mannah, National Focal Institution (NFI), The Gambia, personal 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

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