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ECOWAS Status Report

RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY STATUS REPORT 2014 | 71 01 | REGIONAL INTRODUCTION Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), “ECOWAS in Brief,” http://www.comm.ecowas.int/sec/index. php?id=about_a&lang=en, viewed 23 July 2014. ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE), “Overview of ECREEE,” http://www.ecreee.org/page/overview-ecreee, viewed 21 April 2014; ECREEE, Baseline Report for the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Policy (Praia, Cabo Verde: October 2012). Hyacinth Elayo et al., The ECREEE Business Plan 2011–2016 (Praia, Cabo Verde: April 2012). Table 1 from the following sources: data on population, urbanisation, and GDP adapted from U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), The World Factbook 2014, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/, viewed 21 April 2014; United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Human Development Report 2014: Sustaining Human Progress – Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience (New York: 2014). Population data estimated for July 2014, from CIA, op. cit. note 4. Ibid. Population Reference Bureau, 2013 World Population Data Sheet (Washington, DC: 2013), http://www.prb.org/pdf13/2013-population- data-sheet_eng.pdf. CIA, op. cit. note 4; International Monetary Fund, Regional Economic Outlook – Sub-Saharan Africa: Fostering Durable and Inclusive Growth (Washington, DC: 2014). CIA, op. cit. note 4. Ibid. Ibid. Ibid. Ibid. UNDP, op. cit. note 4. Table 2 from the following sources: United Nations Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL), Togo: Evaluation Rapide et Analyse des Gaps (Vienna: June 2012); International Energy Agency (IEA), “Nigeria: Balances for 2011,” http://www.iea.org/statistics/statisticssearch/ report/?&country=NIGERIA&year=2011&product=Balances, viewed 22 April 2014; International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Niger Renewables Readiness Assessment 2013 (Abu Dhabi: 2013); Alioune Tamchir Thiam, Evaluation Rapide et Analyse des Gaps: Guinee Bissau – Draft (Vienna: ECOWAS and SE4ALL, April 2013); Ghana Energy Commission, National Energy Statistics (2000-2012) (Accra: July 2013). IRENA, op. cit. note 15. B.C. Dean, Baseline Survey: Household Domestic Energy Use in the Gambia (Banjul, The Gambia: The Renewable Energy Association of the Gambia, March 2013). Ghana Energy Commission, op. cit. note 15. ECREEE, op. cit. note 2. SE4ALL, Global Tracking Framework (Washington, DC: 2013). Ibid. Figure 2 from SE4ALL, op. cit. note 19. International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), The Gambia: Renewables Readiness Assessment 2013 (Abu Dhabi: 2013). Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, Evaluation Rapide et Analyse des Gaps de la Côte d’Ivoire (Rio de Janeiro: SE4ALL, June 2012). Figure 3 from IEA, World Energy Outlook 2013 – Electricity Access Database (Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development/IEA, 2013). Figure 4 from the following sources: Data for Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, and Togo from IEA, op. cit. note 25; data for other Member States from ECOWREX and the ECREEE Baseline Report, op. cit. note 2. Ibid. Figure 5 calculated from the following sources: IEA, op. cit. note 25; ECREEE, op. cit. note 2; The World Bank, “Population, total – 2010,” http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL, viewed 29 July 2014. Africa-EU Energy Partnership (AEEP), Status Report: Africa-EU Energy Partnership (Eschborn, Germany: European Union Energy Initiative, Partnership Dialogue Facility, January 2014), p. 16. ECREEE, op. cit. note 2. M’Gbra N’Guessan, Technical Discussion Paper on General Energy Access in the ECOWAS Region (Quebec, Canada: UNDP, January 2012), http:// www.uncsd2012.org/content/documents/164Consolidated_Document_ General__Energy_Access_FInal%20(2).pdf. Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, “Data & Statistics,” http://www. cleancookstoves.org/resources/data-and-statistics/, viewed 15 March 2014. SE4ALL, “Objectives,” http://sustainableenergyforall.org/objectives, viewed 22 April 2014. SE4ALL, Sustainable Energy For All Country Action Agenda Template, SE4ALL Africa Hub (Tunis, Tunisia: March 2014). ECREEE, op. cit. note 2. AEEP, op. cit. note 29, p. 55. IRENA, op. cit. note 15, p. 14; Alioune Tamchir Thiam, op. cit. note 15, p.6; IRENA, The Gambia: Renewables Readiness Assessment 2013 (Abu Dhabi: 2013), p. 12. David Achi, AD Solar, personal communication with REN21, 2014. Alioune Tamchir Thiam, op. cit. note 15, p. 5. Wisdom Ahiataku-Togobo, Ghanaian Ministry of Energy and Petroleum, “Diversification: Current Electricity Situation and the Role of PV Development in Ghana,” presentation, 10 March 2014. Ibid. Figure 6 U.S. Energy Information Administration, “International Energy Statistics,” http://www.eia.gov/cfapps/ipdbproject/IEDIndex3.cfm, viewed 7 August 2014. Figure 6 from U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), “Countries”, http://www.eia.gov/countries/index.cfm?view=reserves, viewed 24 July 2014. Republic of Ghana, Sustainable Energy for All Action Plan (Accra: June 2012), http://energycom.gov.gh/files/SE4ALL-GHANA%20ACTION%20 PLAN.pdf. ENDNOTES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 ENDNOTES

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