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ECOWAS Status Report

RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY STATUS REPORT 2014 | 51 institutional buildings. In addition to the model code, the programme (to be completed by 2015) is designed to provide guidance on the technical components required to introduce energy efficiency improvements, as well as trainings and certifications for stakeholders and implementation partners.55 The International Programme to Support Energy management (PRISME)—an initiative of 33 French-speaking countries, including nine ECOWAS members—has conducted training and capacity building programmes to equip local experts with the tools to undertake energy use audits, with a primary focus on public buildings.56 Sidebar 3. Gender and Energy in the ECOWAS Region Within the ECOWAS region—as in most parts of the world—significant disparities exist between the socioeconomic status of women and men. (See Table 11.) For example, ECREEE has noted that throughout the region’s Member States, women are underrepresented in decision-making processes and that as a result, their needs are less often accounted for in policy design and implementation.57 In 2012, the share of seats in national parliaments held by women ranged from 41.6% in Senegal to just 6.7% in Nigeria, illustrating a trend of disparity in public representation.58 In most Member States, women are also less likely to achieve an education.59 This can have significant effects on their capacity to earn higher incomes, participate in public policy, and achieve improved health and living standards for their families. It is clear that the unique societal roles and responsibilities held by men and women influence not only relationships, but also the resources available to groups and individuals.60 TABLE 11 | Indicators of Gender Inequality in the ECOWAS Region Source: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Human Development Report 2014: Sustaining Human Progress - Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience (New York: 2014); see also endnote 58 for this section. ENERGY EFFICIENCY 03 GENDER INEQUALITY INDEX (2013)a SEATS IN NATIONAL PARLIAMENT HELD BY WOMEN (2012) POPULATION WITH AT LEAST SECONDARY EDUCATION (% AGES 25 AND OLDER) (2006-2010)b Rank Benin 134 8.4 11.2 25.6 Burkina Faso 133 15.7 0.9 3.2 Cabo Verde — 20.8 — — Côte d’Ivoire 143 10.4 13.7 29.9 The Gambia 139 7.5 16.9 31.4 Ghana 123 10.9 45.2 64.7 Guinea — — — — Guinea-Bissau — 14 — — Liberia 145 11.7 15.7 39.2 Mali 148 10.2 7.7 15.1 Niger 149 13.3 44.5 49.5 Nigeria — 6.6 — — Senegal 119 42.7 7.2 15.4 Sierra Leone 141 12.4 9.5 20.4 Togo 129 15.4 15.3 45.1 % Note: “-” indicates data not available. a The Gender Inequality Index ranks 152 countries in terms of inequality in achievement between women and men in reproductive health, empowerment and the labour market, with 1 being the highest score and 152 being the lowest. b Data refer to most recent year available for each Member State within the period specified. Benin 1348.411.225.6 Burkina Faso 13315.70.93.2 Côte d’Ivoire 14310.413.729.9 The Gambia 1397.516.931.4 Ghana 12310.945.264.7 Liberia 14511.715.739.2 Mali 14810.27.715.1 Niger 14913.344.549.5 Senegal 11942.77.215.4 Sierra Leone 14112.49.520.4 Togo 12915.415.345.1

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