Please activate JavaScript!
Please install Adobe Flash Player, click here for download

ECOWAS Status Report - Energy Efficiency in Electricity Supply

RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY STATUS REPORT 2014 | 45 03 ENERGY EFFICIENCY INTRODUCTION ECOWAS member states face rising energy costs, an unpredictable and uncertain energy supply, and a growing demand for energy services. (See Chapter 1.) Energy efficiency improvements often present the most cost-effective solutions for overcoming these challenges, offering a less expensive alternative to constructing new generation capacity and reducing the amount of new capacity needed to meet demand.1 Additionally, energy efficiency can contribute to advancing important social and economic development goals, including literacy, safety, productivity, and gender equality. (See Sidebar 3.) Energy efficiency is also a strong complement to renewable energy development. In recognition of this potential, the ECOWAS Heads of State have prioritised energy efficiencyxii as an essential tool to meet the region’s energy supply challenge.2 The EEEP, adopted in 2013, has formalised the regional strategy for implementing successful energy efficiency actions. It identifies certain priority sectors (cooking, lighting, buildings, and electricity distribution) for achieving technical improvements, and outlines targets and priority measures to reduce energy use and increase productivity. (See Chapter 4.) At the national level, ECOWAS Member States have introduced various initiatives and programmes to improve energy efficiency as a way to face the national and regional energy challenges prevalent in the region.3 (See Table 8.) In spite of these efforts, numerous challenges persist. The region’s continued reliance on old and inefficient equipment (often acquired second-hand) and inefficient use of traditional biomass results in low efficiency ratings. Although the total primary energy supply per country remains low (an additional challenge that the region seeks to address), energy use is often inefficient. Overall, national energy intensityxiii in the region in 2010 ranged from a low of 3 Mejajoules (MJ)/USD in Cabo Verde to a high of 71.1 MJ/USD in Liberia.4 (See Figure 14.) Collectively, the 15 ECOWAS Member States have an average energy intensity of 14.5 MJ/USD, well above the continental average of 11 MJ/USD.5 TABLE 8 | Energy Efficiency Activities in ECOWAS Member States xii. Energy efficiency is used to refer to both energy efficiency and energy conservation measures. xiii. Energy intensity is a measure of energy use per unit of GDP and is often used as a proxy measure for energy efficiency. Source: see endnote 3 for this chapter. CAPACITYBUILDING AWARENESSRAISING DISSEMINATIONOFEFFICIENTLIGHTS PROMOTIONOFEFFICIENTCOOKSTOVES REFRIGERATIONANDAIRCONDITIONING BUILDINGEFFICIENCY ENERGYMANAGEMENT MINIMUMENERGYPERFORMANCESTANDARDS(MEPS) SUPPORTFOREEMARKETS FEASIBILITYSTUDIES,DATACOLLECTION Benin x x x x Burkina Faso x x x Cabo Verde x x x Côte d’Ivoire x x x x x The Gambia x x x Ghana x x x x x x x x x Guinea x x x x Guinea-Bissau x Liberia Mali x x x x Niger x x x x x Nigeria x x x x Senegal x x x x Sierra Leone x Togo x x x x

Pages Overview