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ECOWAS Status Report

| 38 FIGURE 12 | Installed Grid-Connected Solar PV Capacity in ECOWAS Member States, 2014 Source: see endnote 79 for this section. Installed Capacity Recently, several Member States have demonstrated a growing interest in grid-connected and large-scale solar projects.79 (See Figure 12.) Cabo Verde has an installed grid-connected solar PV capacity of 6.4 MW.80 This includes two solar farms on the islands of Santiago and Sal (4.3 MW and 2.1 MW, respectively), both developed by Portugal’s Martifer Solar and commissioned in 2010.81 As of June 2014, Cabo Verde was planning to launch an auction for small-scale grid-connected PV projects on several islands.82 Ghana’s Navrongo PV plant, which came on line in 2013 with an installed capacity of 1.92 MW, is the largest grid-connected solar PV installation in West Africa outside of Cabo Verde.83 The Volta River Authority ultimately plans to expand the plant to 2.5 MW.84 Several additional PV plants are scheduled to come on line in Ghana in 2015. Norwegian company Scatec Solar has an agreement in place with Ghana’s Energy Commission and the country’s Public Utilities Regulatory Commission (PURC) to construct a 50 MW PV plant with local partner Scatec Solar Ghana.85 Plans for the 155 MW Nzema solar PV park have been finalised, with construction scheduled to begin in September 2014 and power generation expected by mid- 2015; the plant will have an expected annual generation of 240,000 megawatt-hours (MWh).86 Interest in grid-connected solar PV is also expanding elsewhere in the region. In Burkina Faso, construction of the 33 MW Zagtouli PV plant is scheduled to begin in 2015 and the government is currently exploring five additional sites for 10 MW plants.87 Côte d’Ivoire has shortlisted eight private firms to develop grid-connected PV plants under a buy-own-operate agreement.88 Niger has begun preparatory work for a 5 MW plant in the north of the country.89 As of early 2014, 9 PPAs have been signed in Senegal for 10-20 MW PV plants, totalling 180 MW.90 In 2014, Sierra Leone secured a loan from the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development to build the 6 MW Solar Park Freetown project, located in the capital city.91 As of 2014, the region’s use of solar PV technology remains largely limited to distributed and off-grid functions, including for rural electrification and to power community centres, health clinics, and individual homes, as well as street lights. Distributed solar PV generation has often been linked to development-orientated projects implemented by governments or donor partners to supply schools, health centres, or rural communities. In Member States including Côte d’Ivoire, the Gambia, and Togo, PV development is limited largely to pilot-scale and rural energy service projects and where active commercial markets have not yet developed.92 Estimates of total installed solar PV capacity are unreliable, as few Member States collect data on self-generation or off-grid projects; however, data on distributed PV capacity in the Gambia, Guinea- Bissau, Niger, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone indicate widespread use of the technology.93 (See Figure 13.) 6.4 Cabo Verde 1.92 Ghana PV CAPACITY(MW) SOLAR

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