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ECOWAS Status Report

| 34 HYDROPOWER Hydropower is the most well established and widely used renewable energy technology in West Africa, and in most Member States, represents the only renewable technology currently being implemented on a commercial scale. Historically, ECOWAS utilities and international financiers have primarily targeted large, rather than small or medium-sized, hydropower projects.22 Recently, however, interest in small hydropower development (defined by ECREEE as plants between 1 and 30 MWix ) has increased, and initiatives aimed at accelerating deployment of such projects are under way across the region.23 Potential With a region-wide hydropower potential of some 25 GW, only 19% has been exploited as of early 2014.24 Ghana, Guinea, and Nigeria have particularly significant resources.25 Although available estimates for hydropower potential vary widely and are not all reliable, most Member States demonstrate potential for small-scale hydropower development.26 (See Figure 10.) FIGURE 10 | Estimated Small-Scale Hydropower Potential Note: Data unavailable for the Gambia and Senegal. Data for Burkina Faso calculated as the average of an estimated range (52 to 138 MW). Source: ECREEE ix. Classifications of ”small hydropower” vary by Member State: Benin (10–30 MW); Ghana (up to 1 MW); Mali (1–10 MW); Nigeria (<10 MW); Sierra Leone (1–30 MW). This report uses the ECREEE definition of 1-30 MW. HYDROPOWER IS THE MOST WELL ESTABLISHED AND WIDELY USED RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY IN WEST AFRICA, AND IN MOST MEMBER STATES, REPRESENTS THE ONLY RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGY CURRENTLY BEING IMPLEMENTED ON A COMMERCIAL SCALE. BENIN 305 MW TOGO 206 MWBURKINA FASO 95 MW LIBERIA 86 MW GUINEA-BISSAU 48 MW CÔTE D’IVOIRE 59 MW CABO VERDE 0 MW SENEGAL THE GAMBIA MALI 117 MW NIGERIA 414 MW NIGER 5 MW GHANA 110 MW GUINEA 107 MW SIERRA LEONE 330 MW

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