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ECOWAS Status Report

RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY STATUS REPORT 2014 | 27 FIGURE 8 | Milestones for Energy Cooperation and Integration in ECOWAS Source: see endnotes 63-70 for this section. and Ghana at competitive prices. The WAGP is owned and operated by the West African Gas Pipeline Company (WAPCo), a public- private joint venture between companies from each of the four countries. The first natural gas supply from the pipeline arrived in Ghana in 2008.66 Earlier that year, the ECOWAS Regional Electricity Regulatory Authority (ERERA) was established to regulate cross-border electricity interconnections and support national regulatory bodies.67 Following the creation of ECREEE in 2010, ECOWAS launched the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Facility (EREF)—a grant-making platform targeting small- to medium-scale renewable energy and energy efficiency projects and businesses, particularly in rural and peri-urban areas.68 In 2012, the region launched ECOWREX, which aims to address critical knowledge and data gaps and provide stakeholders with updated information on energy systems, resource potential, and country data.69 In October of that year, Member States adopted the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Policy (EREP) and the ECOWAS Energy Efficiency Policy (EEEP). Each of these important documents includes regional targets and objectives, as well as strategies to achieve them. ECREEE is currently providing technical support to Member States so that the EREP and the EEEP can be mainstreamed into National Renewable Energy Policies (NREPs) and Action Plans (NREAPs).70 This collaboration marks an important step forward and serves as a potential model for other regional communities looking to harness renewable resources, mainstream policy development, and scale up investment in sustainable energy solutions, in turn helping to increase energy access and improve energy security. While by no means exhaustive, the initiatives listed above highlight the wide range of energy sector priority areas being addressed through regional collaboration, including grid infrastructure, energy access, and energy efficiency. These efforts, along with others, will be discussed in greater detail in the rest of the report. REGIONAL INTRODUCTION 01 Creation of the West African Power Pool (WAPP) Publication of the ECOWAS/UEMOA White Paper Establishment of the ECOWAS Regional Electricity Regulatory Authority (ERERA) Publication of the ECOWAS Energy Protocol Natural gas supply from the West African Gas Pipeline arrives in Ghana Creation of ECREEE Adoption of the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Policy (EREP) and the Energy Efficiency Policy (EEEP) Adoption of the WAPP Master Plan for the Generation and Transmission of Electrical Energy Launch of the ECOWAS Observatory for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECOWREX) Launch of the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Facility (EREF) 1999 2003 2006 2008 2010 2011 2012 2014 ECREEE working with Member States to develop National Renewable Energy Action Plans 20082010 201120122014

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