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REN21 10 Years Report

18 Working for Renewables New technologies open new market opportunities and create new jobs. The global renewable energy workforce encompasses a broad variety of jobs and occupations, ranging from low- to very high-skilled. Global statistics about renewable energy employment by country and technology are incomplete and methodologies inconsistent however, an estimate about based on documented employment indicates that between 2004 and 2014 the level of employment doubled, from about 3 million in 2004 to approximately 6.5 million by the start of 2014. Renewable Energy Jobs by Region Although a growing number of countries is investing in renewable energy, the bulk of employment remains concentrated in a relatively small number of countries: China, the United States, Brazil, India and member states of the EU—especially Germany. These countries are major equipment manufacturers as well as producers of bioenergy feedstock. Employment is growing in other countries with an increasing number of jobs (technicians and sales staff) in the off-grid sec- tor in developing countries. For example, the sale, installation 6.5 Mio 2013 3Mio 2004 Bioenergy (Biomass, Biofuels, Biogas) Geothermal Hydro Power (Small-scale)i Solar Energy (Solar PV, CSP, Solar Heating/Cooling) Wind Power = 40,000 jobs i - Employment information for large-scale hydropower is incomplete and not included World Total 2013 6.5 Million Jobs Figure 8: Renewable Energy Jobs Doubled in the Past Decade Table 4: Renewable Energy Jobs by Technology and Region, 2014 GLOBAL China EUROPE Brazil USA India EU Total Germany Spain Rest of EU Thousand Jobs Biomass 782 240 306 52 44 210 – 152 58 Biofuels 1,453 24 111 26 3 82 820 236 35 Biogas 264 90 69 49 1 19 – – 85 Geothermal 184 – 100 17 1 82 – 35 – Hydro Power 156 – 33 13 2 18 12 8 12 Solar PV 2,273 1,580 220 56 11 153 – 114 112 CSP 43 – 29 1 28 0 – 17 – Solar Heating 503 350 43 11 1 31 30 12 41 Wind Power 834 356 328 138 24 166 32 51 48 Total 6,492 2,640 1,238 363 114 761 894 625 391 Note: " – " means that no data are available. Source: IRENA 2013. Reference see endnotes. Biomass 7822403065244210 – 15258 Biofuels 1,453241112638282023635 Biogas 264906949119 – – 85 Geothermal 184 – 10017182 – 35 – Hydro Power 156 – 331321812812 Solar PV 2,2731,5802205611153 – 114112 CSP 43 – 291280 – 17 – Solar Heating 5033504311131301241 Wind Power 83435632813824166325148 Total 6,4922,6401,238363114761894625391

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